How to Total Rows and Columns in Microsoft Word

Word logo

If you need to total values in a Word table, you can do so without breaking out the calculator or entering the data into Excel and then copying it back. Word can do simple calculations such as summing, multiplying, and averaging.

Let’s say you have a table something like the following. You have the units sold and the per unit cost, and you want to multiply those to get a total.

table of sales figures in word

Start by placing your insertion point into the blank top cell in the “Total” column.

Next, switch to the new “Layout” tab that appears toward the right end of the Ribbon (there’s a separate Layout tab just for tables) and then click the “Formula” button.

click the formula button on the layout tab


In this example, we are going to multiply the value in the “Units” column by the value in the “Unit Cost” column. To do this, type the following into the “Formula” field to multiply the values in the two cells to the left of the current cell:


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How to get more items on the jump list on Windows 10

When you right-click an app icon on the taskbar, you get a list of actions that you can perform and a list of recent files or locations that you visited in the app. The options shown in this list, known as the jump list, differ based on the app. File Explorer will show you recent folders or drives but Chrome will show you recent/frequent websites. What they both have in common is the number of items they can show in this list of recent items which is 6. If you need more items on the jump list, you can get them by editing the Windows registry.

More items on jump list

To add more items on the jump list, you need to edit the Windows registry which means you need admin rights on your system.

Open the run box with the Win+R keyboard shortcut. In the run box, type ‘regedit’ and tap enter. If you’re not the admin user, you will need to authenticate with the admin username and password to continue. Once the registry is open, navigate to the following location;


There should be a key called JumpListItems_Maximum in the panel on the right. If the key isn’t there, you’re going to have to create it yourself.

To create the key, right-click the Advanced key and select New>DWORD (32-bit) value. Name it JumpListItems_Maximum.

Now that you have the key, double-click it and set its value to anything above 10. Close the registry editor and restart File Explorer.

To restart File Explorer, open the Task Manager and look for Windows Explorer on the Processes tab. Select it, and click the Restart button at the bottom right. Once File Explorer restarts, right-click an app and you will see more options in the jump list than you normally do.

For some apps, this change may only be applied after you’ve accessed additional items/files/locations after making the change to the registry. This is because the app may not be storing additional items since it cannot display them. File Explorer will start showing them right away because it does keep track of your recently visited locations. The same goes for most Microsoft apps such the Office apps, or the stock Windows apps like Notepad or Photos.

If an app doesn’t support jump lists, then this change in the registry will not add it. Jump lists are supported by most apps but there will always be exceptions. The stock Windows UWP apps support them though you will find that not many third-party UWP apps do.

Read How to get more items on the jump list on Windows 10 by Fatima Wahab on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter

How to install Kodi 18 on Linux

The Kodi project has released Kodi 18, code name, Leia. This new release is out on Linux, as well as other platforms and is packed with excellent new features including things like retro video game support, an improved user interface, better music playback support, live TV fixes and much more! In this guide, we’ll show you how to install the latest release of Kodi, Kodi 18 on Linux operating systems like Ubuntu, Debian, Arch Linux, Fedora, and OpenSUSE. Also, we’ll show you how to get Kodi 18 on Flatpak if your OS doesn’t have Leia just yet.

Ubuntu Instructions

Kodi comes in the default Ubuntu Linux software sources. Despite this fact, Canonical and the Ubuntu developers haven’t gotten around to updating the package to version 18. So, if you’re managing your favorite TV shows, movies, and stuff like that on an Ubuntu PC and are interested in getting the newest version, you’ll need to take matters into your own hands.

The best way to install Kodi 18 Leia on Ubuntu Linux, as well as any Linux operating system that uses Ubuntu as a base, is to add the official third-party PPA for Kodi. If you add this PPA, you’ll quickly get access to the new release, as well as regular software updates and patches much faster than the Ubuntu developers can give you. To add the third-party software PPA, launch a terminal window by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T or Ctrl + Shift + T on the keyboard. Then, enter the following apt-add-repository command below.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:team-xbmc/ppa

After adding the new software repository to your Ubuntu Linux computer, you’ll need to run the update command, so that Ubuntu can finish setting up the new Kodi software PPA.

sudo apt update

Let the update run. Then, when the terminal prompt stops moving, enter the upgrade command to install any pending software upgrades and patches.

Note: if you already have Kodi 17 on your Ubuntu PC, the upgrade command will automatically update Kodi 17 to Kodi 18.

sudo apt upgrade -y

Upgrading usually takes a bit of time, so be patient. When the process is complete, it’s finally time to install Kodi 18 using the Apt package manager.

sudo apt install kodi

Debian Instructions

Though Debian Linux isn’t known for having the newest software, users will be happy to learn that the upcoming release of Debian 10 Buster (aka testing) has support for Kodi 18. Though, to get it working, you’ll need to use a third-party software repository.

Note: Debian 9 Stretch doesn’t have Kodi 18, and probably never will. Therefore, if you’re a diehard Debian fan looking to try the new Kodi, you must first upgrade to Debian 10 Buster. For more information on upgrading to new releases, click here.

Adding the third-party software repository for Kodi on Debian requires editing the /etc/apt/sources.list file. To start the editing, launch a terminal session by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T or Ctrl + Shift + T. Then, elevate your terminal to Root with the su command and open the sources file in Nano.

su - 
nano -w /etc/apt/sources.list

Once your sources file is open up in Nano, scroll all the way to the bottom of the file and paste the following code:

# Debian Multimedia Repo
deb buster main

Save the Nano text editor with Ctrl + O and exit it with Ctrl + X. Then, run the apt-get update command to set up the new software source.

apt-get update

When the Debian Multimedia repository is done updating, it’s time to set up the Multimedia’s GPG key.

sudo apt-get install deb-multimedia-keyring

Finally, install Kodi 18 on Debian.

sudo apt-get install kodi

Or, if you already have Kodi 17 installed on Buster, run the upgrade command to transition version 17 to 18.

sudo apt-get upgrade -y

Arch Linux Instructions

Strangely, Arch Linux doesn’t yet have Kodi 18 in their package repositories. However, if you’re on Arch and want to get your hands on Kodi 18 right away, it’s possible to install the Kodi development package, which is version 18.

Installing the Kodi development package on Arch Linux requires interacting with the AUR. The easiest and quickest way to do this is with the Trizen AUR helper, as it can automatically build and install the seemingly endless amount of dependencies required to run most software.

To get Trizen on Arch, do the following:

sudo pacman -S git base-develgit clone trizenmakepkg -sri

Now that the Trizen AUR helper is installed, you’ll be able to get the Kodi development release working quickly.

trizen -S kodi-devel

Please keep in mind that the Kodi Development package is unstable. If you have issues, we recommend waiting it out for version 18 to hit the central Arch Linux software sources. Or, try out the Flatpak release instead!

Fedora Instructions

Fedora Linux doesn’t have Kodi 18 in their primary software sources, as the Fedora project doesn’t distribute the Kodi Media Center application. With that said, it’s very easy to install the Leia release, as RPMFusion distributes it.

To enable RPM Fusion, open up a terminal on your Fedora Linux PC. Then, use the DNF package manager to install the RPM Fusion packages.

Note: please replace X in the command below with the release number

sudo dnf install -y

With RPM Fusion set up on Fedora, Kodi 18 can be quickly installed with:

sudo dnf install kodi -y

OpenSUSE Instructions

Both OpenSUSE Leap and OpenSUSE Tumbleweed do not have Kodi 18 Leia in their software sources. For this reason, we highly recommend uninstalling Kodi from OpenSUSE and instead using the Flatpak release. To uninstall Kodi 17, launch a terminal window and enter the Zypper command below.

sudo zypper remove Kodi

Flatpak Instructions

Version 18 of the Kodi Media Center is on Flathub as a Flatpak package. As a result, even if you’re using a Linux distribution that has yet to provide version 18, you’ll still be able to try it out. However, keep in mind that to install the Kodi Flatpak release, you must enable the Flatpak runtime on your system first. Unsure about how to set up Flatpak? Check out our guide on the subject!

When you’re done setting up the Flatpak runtime, you must open up a terminal window and enable the Flathub repository.

flatpak remote-add --if-not-exists flathub

Then, install Kodi 18 with:

flatpak install flathub tv.kodi.Kodi


Read How to install Kodi 18 on Linux by Derrik Diener on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter

How to install software on Fedora Linux

Fedora Linux is considered a more difficult operating system to use, compared to Ubuntu, Linux Mint, and other more user-friendly operating systems. Instead of focusing on average users, it primarily targets developers, system administrators, and Linux power users. For this reason, many new users are intimidated by Fedora Linux and find it difficult to install software on Fedora.

It’s understandable why new users are intimidated by Fedora. The fact is, many new Linux users only have experience with Debian-based Linux distributions like Ubuntu. As a result, it makes installing programs on Fedora Linux seem confusing and scary. In this tutorial, we’ll take the mystery out of installing programs on it by showing you how to use the DNF package manager to install software on Fedora. We’ll also cover how to install apps through Gnome Software and KDE Discover.

Install programs – Linux terminal

Installing programs on Fedora Linux through the terminal is a two-step process. First, you must search for the program you want with the search command. Then, once you’ve figured out the name of the app you want to install, you can use the install command to load it up. For example, to search for the Chromium web browser, you’d do the following.

Note: we are using Chromium as an example. Be sure to take this example and replace chromium with whatever program you’d like to install on Fedora through DNF.

dnf search chromium

From there, Dnf will print out search results in the terminal, complete with descriptions of each available package. Look through the results for the name of the package you want to install. Then, use the install command to load it up.

sudo dnf install chromium -y

To remove a package installed with the Dnf package manager, use the remove command.

sudo dnf remove chromium

Install programs – Gnome Software

Fedora Linux is famous for having the purest, most complete Gnome Shell experience on Linux. As a result, the majority of Fedora Linux users have access to Gnome Software, a popular software browsing app for the Gnome system, and use it to install a variety of different programs with ease on their Fedora Linux systems.

Installing software on Fedora through Gnome Software works exactly as it does on every other Linux operating system that uses it. To get an app downloaded and running through it on your Fedora Linux PC, do the following.

Step 1: Launch the Gnome Software application. You can open it up by pressing the Windows key on your keyboard, typing “Software” into the search box and selecting the shopping bag icon.

Step 2: When the app finishes starting up, you’ll see a welcome screen. Look over the welcome messages. After that, click on an app category and start browsing for an application you’d like to install. Alternatively, find the search box and locate a program that way.

Step 3: Once you’ve found a program through the category browser or the search results in Gnome Software, click on it with the mouse. Soon after, you’ll be taken to the app’s software page.

Step 4: On the app’s software page, locate the “Install” button and click on it with your mouse. Selecting the installation button will prompt you to enter your system password. Then, after entering the password correctly, Gnome Software will go out and install the program.

Step 5: When Gnome Software is done installing your application, you’ll see a “launch” button. Click it to use your newly installed application.

Install programs – KDE Discover

Though the primary focus of Fedora seems to be Gnome Shell, the operating system also has a robust KDE Plasma 5 version. Like Gnome, KDE comes with its own easy to use software browsing app. If you’re new to Fedora’s KDE spin and want to learn how to install programs from it, follow the step-by-step instructions below.

Step 1: Launch the KDE Discover application. To do this, press the Windows key on your keyboard and search for “Discover.” Launch the app with the shopping bag icon.

Step 2: When the KDE Discover software store finishes opening up on your Fedora PC, you’ll see a “Featured” page. Feel free to check out the suggested apps. Or, if you need a particular application, click on the “applications” button on the left.

Step 3: Selecting the “Applications” button in KDE Discover takes you to the app browser area of the app. From here, you can browse for programs to install through the program categories. Or, use the search box to find a particular app.

Step 4: After finding a program you’d like to install in KDE Discover, click on it with the mouse to be taken to the app’s info page. Then, locate the “Install” button and click on it to start the program installation process.

Step 5: When KDE Discover finishes installing your app, you’ll see a “launch” button appear on the info page. Click it with the mouse to start it up.

Read How to install software on Fedora Linux by Derrik Diener on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter

What is included in a Background Check for Employment?

Whether you’re an employer or an employee, preparing for background checks can be tricky. If you’re hiring, how do you know which information you should look for – and what you’re legally allowed to look at? If you’re looking for a job or being considered for a promotion, how can you prepare for what might come up quickly and effectively?

In this article, we attempt to answer these questions (and a few others) by covering what’s included in a background check. We also go over which services you can use to preview what a professional background checking partner might find, whether background checks are legal, touch on how to run searches properly, and more.

How important are background checks to employers?

According to the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners, resume fraud costs employers $600 billion each year. The reasons for this degree of damage vary. On a basic level, people lying about their qualifications and job experience leads to waste, poorly executed tasks, and other problems. Moreover, someone could also misrepresent their education and certifications, being completely unqualified to do the tasks they were hired to do in the first place. Beyond that, people could falsify any number of things. For example, one common trick is to inflate previous paychecks in order to negotiate for a better salary at a new workplace. This may seem relatively benign, but again, small-scale fraud is still fraud, and given that false resumes are so expensive to employers, it’s best to run background checks every time.

One common misconception is that internal hires and executive-level employees are less likely to lie on their resumes. This is true to a degree: Business Week reports that 16% of executive resumes contain false academic claims, compared to nearly 1 in 2 for all resumes. At the same time, 16% is still a lot since we’re talking about people who lead other people and represent organizations at the highest level. This is true for internal hires as well. For example, someone may have passed a basic background check when coming into a company. But since requirements are more stringent at higher levels of organizational structure, that initial check could’ve failed to reveal facts that can count against someone. For this reason, it’s important to run quality background checks – even when hiring executives or promoting staff internally. The low price of a check far outstrips the potential losses incurred by not doing homework.

What’s included in a background check for employment?

Background check information can vary. In advanced checks, the providers in the list above can look through deep web data, send runners to retrieve documents, and more. However, a few things should always figure in any quality background check. These are:

  • Identity verification – this is the first line of defense against fraud, abuse, and misinformation. Confirming someone’s identity is the cornerstone of any thorough background check and should be included in custom searches every time.
  • Employment verification – given how often people falsify their past employment details, this is another important check. You’ll have to obtain consent to get it, but once you do, your search partner will contact past employers to make sure the indicated employment information is correct. Alternatively, you can ask an employee to bring in pay slips and W-2 documents or other paper trails to prove employment.
  • Education and licenses – this is another important check, especially if you need employees who have specific licenses (e.g. gun, driver’s, medical, etc) or academic degrees. It works a lot like the employment verification check. Some educational institutions may not respond to direct queries or submit their information to the public record, but you can still use an educational reporting provider to check.
  • Criminal records – be very careful when performing this check, because doing it without going through the right procedures can land you in a lot of trouble. Depending on what the FCRA and your state laws say, you should be able to look through convictions from the past 5-7 years – but only if specific criteria are met first.
  • Drug use – if you don’t want to hire regular drug users (including cannabis), you can pay a partner to run drug checks on your employees. As with the above point, be very careful to make sure you’re not breaking the FCRA or state laws when you’re doing this. Otherwise, you could land in hot water with local or federal law enforcement.

How can employees prepare for their screening?

Prospective employees might seem to have the disadvantage in their interview. After all, employers make it their business to know yours before hiring. However, applicants can run their own background checks on themselves to see what turns up. With this information in hand, it is much easier to come prepared with an explanation of whatever circumstances show up. This can make all the difference between someone being perceived as un-hirable and someone who has learned from their mistakes and worked to improve themselves.

Search Over 1 Billion Public Records

Run a comprehensive background check on …

When searching for a quality background checking service, prospective employees should keep the following key features of in mind:

  • Deep research – anyone can do a basic Google search and find some everyday information on another person. If you’re using a paid service, it’s important that it goes above and beyond these basics. This is doubly true if you’re about to go through a stringent background check, e.g. for the military or a federal organization.
  • Accurate and clear reports – a quality report should be readily scannable and intuitive to understand. You don’t want to pore over pages and pages to find the handful of information you actually need – so look for thoughtfully designed, straightforward report styles.
  • Speedy results – a basic background check should only take seconds or minutes. A more advanced one can take a few days. Any longer than that, and you’re better off considering a different provider; you certainly want to get the results you need on time, every time.
  • Custom searches – the ability to customize your searches for the specific data sources you need is standard these days. If a provider insists on giving you reports that contain info from all their data sources, it’s best to choose someone else.
  • Mobile access – quality providers have several ways to cater to mobile users. One is with native iOS and Android apps that make it easy to execute searches and carry reports with you without print them out. Absent dedicated software, providers should at least have a mobile-ready dashboard accessible by any browser.
  • Customer support – live support is best, but extended hours are fine too. Some providers give you self-troubleshooting tools to help you diagnose what’s not working.

Now that you know which features are best, let’s talk about some specific services that do background checks well!

1. BeenVerified

BeenVerified is a two-tier background check service. Its basic package covers criminal records, financial records, social media presence, and other public-record data. This is enough to give you a solid idea of who it is you’re talking to or interviewing. If you want other data sources and information about gun licenses, for example, you can always upgrade to the premium version. This also lets you send runners to courts and physical archives to find even more data, which is useful. The best part is that advanced and basic searches are both fast. The former take up to a few days while the latter take seconds, making BeenVerified one of the speedier services on the market.

BeenVerified’s web dashboard is intuitive and well-designed, making it easy for you to find the exact results you’re looking for. This includes easy custom searches, and reports that are both sleek and easy to navigate. Mobile users can enjoy Android and iOS apps that make it easy to execute mobile searches and carry results on the go. Even if you don’t want to use these, there’s an excellent responsive mobile website that works well from all operating systems. Last but not least, you can always get the help you need with BeenVerified thanks to 24/7 customer support that’s helpful and knowledgeable.

BEST BACKGROUND CHECKS: BeenVerified is our overall #1 choice. They provide a fast service that includes physical runners, available at a hard-to-beat price.

2. TruthFinder

Similar to other top-tier background checking services, TruthFinder offers a basic and premium search. The price of entry nets you access to reports drawn from standard data sources: criminal records, driving records, contact details, possible photos, and known family members. If you choose to go for the premium option, you’ll also get social media data from the last few years, gun licenses, and more. But what really makes TruthFinder special is that their technology searches through deep web data to find all kinds of information that is usually completely inaccessible to Google and online users. If you really want to see everything that’s out there on an individual, TruthFinder is an outstanding option.

The service’s interface is easy to use. The desktop version of the dashboard makes custom searches a breeze and makes it easy to look through older results. The Android app is feature-rich and surprisingly quick to download. While there’s no iOS app, their online dashboard is highly response and mobile-ready. No matter which version of the service you end up using, the reports you end up with will be well-designed, easily scannable, and full of easy-to-read information. Even if you do find that you have any problems or questions, 24/7 customer support is always on hand to help you solve them.

3. Instant CheckMate

Instant CheckMate is a background checking service that delivers beautiful reports from a variety of sources. These reports can include all available information or be customized to fit your specific needs. If you use the service’s basic tier, the sources will span criminal records, marriage and divorce records, known family members, contact details, and some social media data. If you choose to expand your search, you can pay a premium fee to see financial history, driving licenses, weapons licenses, and more. Together, all these data sources can help you put together a thorough picture of who someone is and what their past was like.

The Instant CheckMate website dashboard is convenient and easy to use. Custom searches are easy to execute in seconds, and prior reports are immediately accessible. Everything is always a click away, and even if you do need help, customer support is available 24/7. The Android app for Instant CheckMate is almost as good as the website, offering an excellent design and feature set. iOS and other users are welcome to use the lovely responsive mobile website (which is better than most background checking services’ apps).

4. Intelius

Intelius searches through a number of different data sources to give you detailed reports on individuals’ pasts. Data sources include criminal records, sex offender registrations, credit reports, property records, and education. Drawing on these, Intelius gives you clear, comprehensive reports that are easy to scan and presentable enough to share with other people and teams. The dashboard is intuitive and easy to use, whether you want to make a new search or manage previous ones. The same extends to the Android and iOS app versions, which are well-designed and highly stable. If you ever have any questions, customer support is available at extended hours – as is a troubleshooter tool that makes figuring out what’s wrong a breeze.

What about free services?

Free background checking services are popular and easy to find on the web. They look through some of the same data sources as the paid services on this page, but with one important caveat. Since there is no financial incentive for a free service to give you quality information, they simply show you what they manage to find; no more, no less. Moreover, free background check services often ask you to upgrade your membership, secretly harvest your own information, show you ads, etc. For all these reasons, we strongly recommend that you go with a commercial service if you’re going to make searches for any important reason. So long as you know how to execute searches correctly, you’ll get far better results this way. After all, the best services are still quite affordable.


Finding someone’s background information doesn’t have to be tricky at all. The only tricky part is knowing the law, other people’s rights, and being clear on what you can and can’t do. Now that you know how to conduct background searches, what are you going to do next? Leave a note below and let us know; we love getting feedback from readers.

Read What is included in a Background Check for Employment? by George P.H. on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter