How to update iOS on your iPhone

iPhones get one major OS update every year, and several smaller updates in-between. These smaller updates are usually minor features or bug fixes. Each major iOS update also takes one year off an iPhone’s life i.e., how long Apple will support.

iOS updates, generally speaking, are optional but iPhone users always install the latest update in most cases. It’s the safe thing to so since updates also contain security patches.

Update iOS on iPhone

iOS updates are free, and they’re simple to do. There are two ways to update iOS on an iPhone.

  • via iTunes
  • Direct update on your phone aka Over the Air (OTA)

1. Update iOS via iTunes

In order to update iOS via iTunes you need;

  • iTunes installed on your Windows 10 PC. Mac users will use Finder.
  • A genuine or Apple-authorized data cable.
  • The iPhone.

Follow these steps to install the update.

  1. Connect your iPhone to your PC/Mac.
  2. Open iTunes/Finder.
  3. Select your iPhone, and sync it to your system.
  4. Click ‘Check for update’.
  5. iTunes will automatically detect an available update.
  6. Click the ‘Download update’ button.
  7. Once the update has been downloaded, click the ‘Update’ button.
  8. Do not disconnect or interact with your iPhone until the update is complete.

Note: You may have to sign in with your Apple ID to download the update. You may also have to enter the passcode for your iPhone.

2.Update iOS OTA

To update your iPhone over the air, you only need two things;

  • Your iPhone
  • Your iPhone charged to at least 50%.
  • If your iPhone isn’t charged to 50%, you can connect it to a power source and then update it.

To update iOS, follow these steps.

  1. Open the Settings app on your iPhone.
  2. Go to General>Software Update.
  3. iOS will check for updates, and show the ones available.
  4. Tap on Download and Install.
  5. Wait for the download to complete. You will see a prompt confirming the install.
  6. Allow the update to install.

Things to know

There are a couple of things you should keep in mind when an iPhone update is in progress in order to avoid problems.

  • Backing up your iPhone before an update is always a good idea.
  • Once an iPhone has been updated, it cannot be downgraded/rolled back to the older version because Apple stops signing the older versions.
  • Your iPhone will restart during the update.
  • You will see the Apple logo and a progress bar under it to indicate an update is in progress. This is normal.
  • The Apple logo may remain on your screen for quite some time. Don’t worry.
  • Never disconnect the iPhone from your system until it turns back on i.e., the update is complete. 
  • Never disconnect the iPhone from a power source if your battery was below 50% when you initiated the update and you’re performing an OTA update.
  • iPhones are really, really hard to brick. You may have heard of Android phones bricking during an update but that too is rare and happens in special circumstances. 
  • If an update fails, your iPhone will turn on, and you will still be on the old iOS version. Your iPhone will be useable. 
  • No update method is superior to the other. Pick whatever suits you best.

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How To Get Started In Animal Crossing: New Horizons

The newest edition of Animal Crossing has been long anticipated, bringing lots of new features while still retaining its unique charm. This new version of the game is also very accessible to new players of the series, making it a great game for anyone to pick up. 

If you are new to these games, you’ll find pretty quickly that there are lots of things that you can spend your time doing. You may have many ideas for how you want to grow and upgrade your island, but be lost as to what to do in order to get there.

Eventually, you’ll find a routine that works for you if you play each day. However, there are some important things you’ll want to keep in mind at the beginning of Animal Crossing: New Horizons so you can really get the ball rolling. 

How To Play Animal Crossing: New Horizons

The premise of Animal Crossing is pretty simple: you can do activities to earn bells (the in-game currency), which can be used to upgrade your house and your island. You live with other villagers who will come and go, and there are shops where you can spend your bells on things like furniture or clothes. 

Most of the activities for gaining bells include catching and collecting animals or plants. You can also bring these to a museum in the game in order to preserve your collection. There are a multitude of other activities in the game that you’ll come across, but when just starting out, you’ll really want to focus on what will help you earn bells. 

What’s new in this Animal Crossing: New Horizons game is the ability to craft objects, which is very important when you are starting out and will continue to be as you play throughout the game. Crafting is done by learning DIY recipes, gathering needed materials, and crafting the recipes using workbenches. 

Your First Days In Animal Crossing: New Horizons

When you first start the game, you’ll be led through a tutorial that’s pretty straightforward. This will allow you to get your tent set up, and create a workbench where you can craft some simple things. Once you get through this, you will have more free reign on what you do. At this point, there are some key things you should keep in mind to do first.

Get Your Tools

Having a good set of tools is extremely important for everything you’ll have to do. When you first start out, you’ll have to craft your tools and get the recipes from Tom Nook. These first tools won’t be great quality, but they’ll help you get more resources to upgrade them eventually.

If you want to get your tools faster, though, there’s an easy way to do this. By going to the airport and travelling to a mystery island, you can meet Wilbur who will allow you to buy any tool you need. You can buy them cheaply, and it’s a much faster way to retrieve them all at the start. 

Get More Inventory Space

The more space you have to store items, the more bells you’ll be able to make in a much shorter amount of time. Thankfully, in this game, your inventory space is upgradeable.

You can do this by going to the ATM in Residential Services, and choosing to upgrade there. These will cost Nook Miles, but it’s worth it to have a larger inventory early on in the game. You’ll be able to make bells at a much faster rate, which is important at this stage. 

Pay Off Your Loan

The first loan you’ll need to pay off, among many to come, is the Island Getaway Package. This one will set you back 49,800 bells, or alternatively 5,000 Nook Miles. 

The quickest way you can earn enough bells at this point is to sell whatever you collect around the island to Timmy in Resident Services. Bugs and fish will get you the most income, but sell anything you pick up, because he will buy nearly whatever you bring. Selling to him will also help in getting the Nook Shop on your island, where you can buy a variety of items such as furniture and clothes. 

If you want to go the Nook Miles route, you’ll just need to complete tasks that earn you Miles. Here are some easy tasks you can do right away to get you a good amount to start with: 

  • Sell 50 weeds.
  • Sell 20 fruit.
  • Take a picture using the NookPhone camera app.
  • Open your passport app and edit it.
  • Post a message on the bulletin board.
  • Use the Custom Designs app.
  • Open your Nook Miles app.

Tips For Making More Bells

When you’re just starting, it’ll be a lot more difficult to earn bells until you can get better tools. However, there are some good ways you can earn a lot despite this. The main way to do this is to fish as much as you can.

You’ll want to collect lots of tree branches, as you’ll need these to craft multiple fishing rods, as they will eventually wear out. Fish until you have filled up your inventory, and then go sell all of them to Timmy. 

You can repeat this until you get enough upgrades that will help you earn bells more easily. Once you do this, you can follow some of these other tips.

Catch Bugs

Besides fishing, another great way to earn bells is to catch bugs. There are lots of bugs you can catch, but some will net you a lot more bells than others. 

For example, at night you may be able to find a tarantula or scorpion. Either of these can get you thousands of bells with just one. They are very hard to find though, but you can always catch other bugs while you look.

Sell Fossils

Sometimes you may come across x-shaped holes in the ground. Digging these up will sometimes get you fossils. If you get a new fossil, it’s best to give it to the museum for the collection, but once you get copies you can sell them for thousands of bells.

Make a Money Tree

Ever noticed a glowing spot in the ground? If you dig this up, you will find bells. But you can also do even more with this spot. If you go into your inventory and take out 10,000 bells, you can bury it in this spot and have a tree grow with the bell amount multiplied. This is a great way to earn a good amount of extra bells by just waiting. 

Living On Your Island

The more bells you get in Animal Crossing: New Horizons, the faster you will be able to pay off your loans and build up your island however you want. The tips here are some of the best ways to do this. Furthermore, you should make sure you check your island everyday, as things change daily. You might miss an opportunity for a huge amount of bells, so it’s best to be consistent. 

You should also make sure to talk to your villagers, explore each part of the island, and check in on the shops daily as much as you can. Leave no stone unturned if you want to earn the maximum amount of bells and find rare items. 

If you follow this advice, you should be well on your way to getting the Animal Crossing island of your dreams.

How to disable WiFi on Linux

Can’t figure out how to shut off the WiFi on your Linux laptop or desktop? Need help learning how to do it? We can help! Follow along with this guide below to learn how to shut off the WiFi for your Linux PC!

Gnome Shell

Shutting off WiFi connections in Gnome Shell is pretty straightforward, and it starts by looking to the panel. Look at the Gnome Shell panel on the right for the down arrow button, and click on it with the mouse. By clicking on this arrow, you bring up the panel menu for Gnome.

Inside the panel menu, you will see a few things, such as “Settings,” “Lock,” “Power Off/ Log Off,” as well as WiFi, volume, etc. Look for the WiFi logo in the Gnome menu that is visible to you, and click on it with the mouse.

Upon clicking on the WiFi menu entry, you will see three different options. These options are “Select Network,” “Turn Off,” and “WiFi Settings.” Select the “Turn Off” button to instantly shut off the WiFi on your Gnome Shell desktop environment.

To turn the WiFi again, go back into the Gnome Shell menu, select the WiFi menu entry, and click on the “Turn On” button to re-enable wireless connectivity. Alternatively, go to the “WiFi” area in Gnome Shell settings to turn it back on.

KDE Plasma 5

If you’re a KDE Plasma 5 user and you’re looking to shut off the WiFi on the desktop, do the following. The first thing you need to do is look to the panel for the WiFi connectivity icon (the bars) and click on it with the mouse. After clicking on the WiFi icon, a menu will appear.

Inside of the WiFi menu, you will see various WiFi networks available for connection, the airplane mode button, the settings button, search button, and the WiFi enable/disable button.

If you’d like to shut off the WiFi, locate the WiFi checkbox in the top-left corner of the applet menu. Click on the checkbox, and the wireless connection in KDE Plasma 5 should instantly disconnect.

To turn the WiFi back on in KDE Plasma 5, go back into the WiFi menu on the panel, open it and check the box next to the WiFi icon in the top-left. Connectivity should resume once the box is rechecked.


Using XFCE 4 and need to shut off the WiFi connectivity? Here’s how to do it. First, look on the XFCE 4 panel for the WiFi connectivity applet. If you can’t find it, it’s the app on the panel with the WiFi bars. Once you’ve found the WiFi applet on the desktop, right-click on it with the mouse to bring up the right-click menu for the WiFi applet.

Inside of the WiFi menu, you will see several different options to choose from. Look for the “Disable WiFi” checkbox, and select it to instantly shut off WiFi connectivity for the XFCE 4 desktop environment.

Need to turn wireless connectivity back on? Go back to the panel, and right-click on the WiFi applet. Keep in mind that because WiFi is now off, it may look different. Right-click on the menu and check the box next to WiFi to turn it back on.


Are you a MATE user and unsure about how to shut off the WiFi on the desktop? Here’s what to do. First, make your way to the upper panel in MATE. On the upper panel, find the WiFi icon in the right-hand corner. Once you’ve found the WiFi icon, click it with the mouse to reveal it’s contents.

Inside of the WiFi menu, there are many, many options to choose from. Inside the menu, look through to the bottom, above “Connection Information” for “Enable WiFi.” Select this option to instantly turn off the Wireless connectivity in the MATE desktop environment.

To turn back on the WiFi in the MATE menu, go back to the WiFi menu on the panel, go to the bottom like before and click on “Enable WiFi” to turn it back on.


It is possible to turn off the WiFi right from the terminal prompt. So, if you’re using a Linux desktop environment that does not support WiFi very well (like Gnome, KDE Plasma 5, XFCE 4, or MATE), this is a great way to deal with your WiFi connectivity.

To start the process, open up a terminal window using the Ctrl + Alt + T or Ctrl + Shift + T on the keyboard. Once inside of the terminal, make use of the nmcli command below to shut off the wireless connectivity on your Linux PC.

nmcli radio wifi off

As soon as the following nmcli command is run, the WiFi on your Linux PC will shut off. If you want to turn it back on, make use of the nmcli command, but change “off” to “on.”

nmcli radio wifi on

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How to set up systemd-networkd on Linux

Systemd-networkd is a system tool that runs in the background on Linux systems and manages network configurations. It can detect networking devices as they are plugged in and even create virtual networking devices. This tool is especially useful with complex network configurations, such as servers and containers. In this guide, we will go over how to set up systemd-networkd on Linux.

Note: in this guide, we will only be focusing on Ethernet connections. While it is possible to use WiFi with systemd-networkd, it isn’t straightforward to set up, and there are much better tools to use for WiFi on Linux, like Network Manager.

Enabling and starting services

To use the systemd-networkd daemon to handle your networking configurations on Linux, it needs to be turned on. By default, this service is shut off. To turn it on, open up a terminal window on the Linux desktop. Once the terminal window is open, run the systemctl enable command on the systemd-networkd.service file and the systemd-resolved.service file. 

sudo systemctl enable systemd-resolved.service
sudo systemctl enable systemd-networkd.service

Once the two service files are enabled, they will boot up each time the computer turns on. However, if you would like to start using the services now, without rebooting, you can initialize them using the systemctl start command on the two service files previously enabled.

sudo systemctl start systemd-resolved.service
sudo systemctl start systemd-networkd.service

With both services now started, your computer and the systemd init system will be able to see the service and interact with it. To check to see if both service files have started up successfully, make use of the status command.

systemctl status systemd-resolved.service
systemctl status systemd-networkd.service

Look for “active (running)” to confirm that the service file is running successfully. If you do not see “active (running), the service files have not started up correctly. Reboot your Linux PC, and the service file should be active.

Disable NetworkManager

Systemd-networkd does not work if there are other networking tools running. On most Linux operating systems, NetworkManager is the network tool of choice. To disable it, enter the following commands below in a terminal window.

sudo systemctl disable NetworkManager.service
sudo systemctl stop NetworkManager.service

Finding your wired adapter

To use systemd-networkd, you need to locate your wired adapter. The reason you need to identify it is that the adapter needs to be specified in the configuration file for the network connection profile.

On Linux, there are many different ways to figure out what the device ID of your wired adapter is. In this guide, we’ll focus on the networkctl list command. This command is straightforward to read, even for beginner users, and doesn’t cloud the terminal output with tons of useless information.

To figure out what your wired (ethernet) adapter is on Linux, run the following command in a terminal window.

networkctl list | grep ether

Look through the list for your network device. It will likely start with “enp” or “eth.” Ignore devices that begin with “virb” or “vnet” unless you know what you are doing, as those devices are virtual machine networking adapters.

Once you’ve figured out the name of your networking device, open up a second terminal and move on to the next section of the guide.

Creating configuration files

The systemd-networkd configuration process is very easy, which might sound strange, considering it is a command-line network management utility. However, in typical systemd fashion, it is effortless to understand and set up.

In this section of the guide, we will go over how to create a basic configuration file to use ethernet with systemd-networkd. We will not cover more advanced configurations. If you desire a more advanced setup than what is covered in this post, refer to the systemd-networkd manual by running the man systemd-networkd command in a terminal window.

To create a new configuration file for systemd-networkd, launch a terminal window. Once the terminal window is open, run the sudo -s command to elevate the terminal session to the root account.

sudo -s

With the terminal as root, use the touch command to create a new config file in the /etc/systemd/network/ folder.

touch /etc/systemd/network/

After creating the new configuration file, open it up in the Nano text editor for editing purposes.

nano -w /etc/systemd/network/

In the Nano text editor, paste the following code. However, keep in mind that this code needs to be changed, so do not save it until the editing process is complete.

Note: change “ETHERNET-ID” with the name of your wired adapter found in the previous section of the guide.



Now that the code is inside of the configuration file save the edits with Ctrl + O and exit with Ctrl + X.

Start using systemd-networkd

Systemd-networkd is configured. Now, it is time to use it. To use systemd-networkd, you will need to run the restart command. This command will reboot the systemd-networkd service so that it can see the new configuration file you’ve created.

systemctl restart systemd-networkd

Upon restarting the service, you should be using your network card with systemd-networkd.

Looking for something else? Check out our list of best Linux network monitoring tools.

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How to Overclock RAM and Make Your Computer Faster

RAM helps a system run faster, and more efficiently. Generally speaking, the more RAM you have, the better your system will run.

It stands to reason that if your system is performing poorly because there isn’t enough RAM, you will want to add more or upgrade to a system that has more RAM. Another solution that can’t hurt before you go shopping for more RAM is overclocking.

How to Overclock RAM

Overclocking RAM isn’t as popular a concept as overclocking a CPU or GPU because the benefits are often minimal. Overclocking the GPU will give you far better results than overclocking RAM but that doesn’t mean it isn’t worth trying.

DRAM Frequency and timings

In order to overclock RAM, you need to know what its current DRAM frequency and timings values are.

  1. Download and install CPU-Z.
  2. Run the app and go to the Memory tab.
  3. Note down the DRAM Frequency. If you round it off and double it, you will get your RAM speed.
  4. Take note of the other timings as well. 

XMP – Extreme  Memory Profiles

XMP is a tool that is used via the system’s BIOS.

  1. Restart your system and boot into BIOS (how to access BIOS).
  2. Dig around and look for Extreme  Memory Profiles. Once/if you find it, enable it.
  3. Look for profiles that you can select. In some cases, all you can do to overclock RAM is enable XMP while in others, you can choose between different profiles.
  4. If you have multiple profiles available, try each one and see how well your system works.
  5. You can use a tool like MSI Afterburner to stress test your system and see how well the new settings are holding up.


A lot of users do not see XMP in BIOS. Unfortunately, if it isn’t there, you can’t do much about it. Your system may have blocked a feature so that it cannot be enabled or it may not be supported.

Dell systems don’t seem to have them, even on their more expensive line of systems.


It is important to mention that not all RAM chips can be overclocked. There will be some chips that are working as well as they ever will.

In other cases, you may need to add additional RAM sticks before they can be overclocked collectively. Remember that overclocking RAM only gives a minimal boost so if you’re unable to overclock it, you can always buy more RAM.

Many systems have unused RAM slots which means you can easily add more RAM.

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