How to install Gnome Drawing on Linux

There are a lot of great drawing apps for Linux, but all of them have a heavy focus on artists and are filled with sophisticated features. If you’re not interested in fancy features but want a great drawing app, try Gnome Drawing instead! Here’s how to get it working on your Linux PC.

Ubuntu installation instructions

On Ubuntu Linux, the Gnome Drawing application is effortless to install, as the developers maintain a PPA repository, which works with every single version of Ubuntu, as well as all Ubuntu-based operating systems (Linux Mint, Elementary, etc.).

If you’re using Ubuntu and want to get Gnome Drawing working, open up a terminal window by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T or Ctrl + Shift + T on the keyboard. Then, use the add-apt-repository command below to set up the PPA on your system.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:cartes/drawing

After adding the Gnome Drawing PPA to your Ubuntu Linux PC, it is time to run the update command to refresh Ubuntu’s software sources, so that the new PPA will be accessible to you.

sudo apt update

Following the update command, you may wish to install any pending software patches and updates by running the upgrade command. Keep in mind that this step is optional, and you can skip it if you do not want to install updates.

sudo apt upgrade

As soon as your Ubuntu PC finishes installing all of the pending software upgrades, it is time to install the latest version of Gnome Drawing.

sudo apt install drawing

Debian installation instructions

Though you wouldn’t know it, it is possible to get Gnome Drawing working on Debian Linux. The way to get the app working is by making use of the Ubuntu PPA.

To start the installation process on your Debian PC, launch a terminal window by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T or Ctrl + Shift + T on the keyboard. After that, open your sources.list file in the Nano text editor.

sudo nano -w /etc/apt/sources.list

Using the Down Arrow key on the keyboard, make your way to the bottom of the sources.list file. Then, press the Enter key to create a new line in the file.

After creating a new line in the sources.list file, write out the text below.

## Gnome Drawing Repo

Next, below ## Gnome Drawing Repo, press Enter to create another new line and paste the Ubuntu PPA information into the file.

deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/cartes/drawing/ubuntu bionic main
deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/cartes/drawing/ubuntu bionic main

Save the edits to sources.list by pressing Ctrl + O, and exit the editor with Ctrl + X. Then, use the command below to run an update.

sudo apt update

You will notice an error while running the update command. The reason for this error is that the Gnome Drawing PPA is missing the signing key. Run the following command to fix that.

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv-keys A7D69E90DC319136

Assuming the key recovery is successful, re-run the update command.

sudo apt update

Finally, install Gnome Drawing with:

sudo apt install drawing

Arch Linux installation instructions

Arch Linux has the Gnome Drawing application available for installation. The app is in the AUR and is built with the source code. Still, it’s nice to see in the AUR, as compiling the source code by hand is pretty tedious.

To start the installation, you will need to set up the Git and Base-devel packages.  Without these packages, it will not be possible to interact with the AUR. Using the Pacman command, install the packages.

sudo pacman -S git base-devel

Following the installation of Git and Base-devel, you must install the Trizen AUR helper. Trizen automates the installation of AUR programs. Using this app to set up Gnome Drawing is a good idea, as manually resolving dependencies is tedious and confusing at times. To install Trizen, enter the commands below.

git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/trizen.git 

cd trizen 

makepkg -sri

With the Trizen app installed on your Arch Linux PC, the hard part is over. From here, you can point the app at Gnome Drawing in the AUR to install it!

trizen -S drawing-git

Fedora Linux/OpenSUSE  installation instructions

Sadly, there currently isn’t an RPM package out there for Gnome Drawing on either Fedora Linux or OpenSUSE Linux. As a result, users of these two operating systems looking to install Gnome Drawing must follow the Snap package or Flatpak installation instructions in this guide.

Snap package installation instructions

Gnome Drawing is available as a Snap package in the Ubuntu Snap Store, so if you’re running a Linux operating system that supports the Snap format, you’ll be able to get this app working faster than ever.

To start the installation of Gnome Drawing via Snap, follow our guide to learn how to set up the Snapd runtime. Then, enter the snap install command below to get the app working.

sudo snap install drawing

Flatpak installation instructions

According to the developers, Flatpak is the preferred way of distributing Gnome Drawing. Their reasoning makes sense, as it is targeted at Gnome, and Flatpak makes getting it working on nearly every Gnome Desktop effortless.

To get Gnome Drawing working on your Linux PC via Flatpak, follow our guide to learn how to get the latest Flatpak runtime set up. Then, enter the commands below to get the app installed.

flatpak remote-add --if-not-exists flathub https://flathub.org/repo/flathub.flatpakrepo

flatpak install flathub com.github.maoschanz.drawing

The post How to install Gnome Drawing on Linux appeared first on AddictiveTips.

OTT Explains: What Is Bloatware & How To Identify It On Your Computer

When you buy a computer or phone, it usually comes with preinstalled software.

Some of them are useful, while others are just downright annoying as they can cause your device to run slowly, freeze, or crash. They can also drain the processor and battery, while hogging some of your precious storage space.

These often never-used additional software programs installed on your device’s operating system commonly include multimedia, security, internet, utilities, and productivity tools.

The common technical term for this type of software is bloatware.

What Is Bloatware?

Bloatware, which is also known as junkware, crapware, and shovelware, is the technical term given to software that consumes more than its fair share of system resources and disk space on your computer or phone, such that it affects its performance and storage space.

These unwieldy apps usually come in three different sets: software suites installed by the device manufacturer, your network provider, or apps and content that third parties have paid to pre-install on your device.

Sometimes you don’t know they’re there or even notice them until they’re brought to your attention.

If you find your device acting up, whether it’s slowing down or its battery is draining fast, one of the best ways of restoring it is to delete or disable bloatware.

However, it can be dangerous to do so in some cases because bloatware can create security loopholes that hackers can leverage to take over your device or lock you out of it altogether.

Worse still, some types of bloatware permanently reside on your device and refuse to be disabled or deleted.

How To Identify Bloatware On Your Computer

Bloatware comes in many forms, but the most common are trialware, which is included on your device for free but works for a specific trial period (30 days to 6 months) until you purchase a license. Adware is another type of bloatware, which is dangerous as it exists to serve you with ads via popups or websites that show on your device’s screen.

Other bloatware types include system utilities and some useful apps. PC manufacturers usually include their own software on computers besides pre installing full versions of specialized third-party tools.

For example, in a Lenovo computer, you’ll find the Lenovo Solution Center, which is basically a maintenance application that ensures your software is updated and checks your hardware for any issues.

In some cases, such software can be uninstalled, but in others you can’t. Plus, they tend to duplicate the functionality of software that’s already installed on your device.

The main aim for saddling your device with bloatware is to increase revenues and give consumers extra software they may want to use.

What Is the Bloatware Threat To Your Devices?

Bloatware is unwanted software that’s poorly designed and developed, and that tends to hog your device’s memory because it’s built atop ill-structured code.

You may find your device taking too long to boot up, whether it’s new or used, or it has slower reaction times whenever you click or tap on something.  In most cases, you may assume that something is wrong with your device and try to get a replacement for it, but it could be the bloatware that’s degrading its performance.

The problem comes in when the bloatware on your device exposes you to several cybersecurity risks. Some of these unwanted apps connect to the internet and could expose your device to malware by introducing other applications that are known to exploit your personal information, computing power, and other data.

Lenovo came under heavy criticism in 2016 for pre-installing software on its products. By downloading system tools and updates that supposedly improve computers’ performance, the software created security vulnerabilities instead that allowed downloaded Trojan viruses to creep into the operating systems.

After months of consumer complaints, articles and cybersecurity analyst reports about the issue, the company finally stopped the practice.

Device manufacturers aren’t the only ones that install bloatware. Users do it too through their web behavior thanks to the use of cookies in web browsers.

Cookies are small tracking software used to trace users on the web. Some cookies send information back to the websites’ owners, but others could be malware that transmit your personal and sensitive data to hackers via command-and-control servers.

Removing the bloatware can exponentially increase your device’s performance, and save you on costs of getting a replacement.

How To Remove Bloatware On Your Device

You can get rid of bloatware from your device, but not all of them can be uninstalled, deleted or removed altogether.

The first and simplest step to take is to go through your device and manually delete any software that you don’t use, have never used, and don’t want. Just be careful that you don’t remove an important program while you’re at it.

If it’s a Windows PC, you can use the Refresh Windows tool to remove apps that aren’t preinstalled with Windows, like those put there by your PC manufacturer.

You can also remove bloatware using third-party programs that detect and help you remove such software. These include PC Decrapifier or Should I Remove It? The main drawback with using these utilities is that they may identify some bloatware, but not automate their removal, which means you have to go through the usual uninstallation process.  Otherwise buy a bloatware-free computer like the Microsoft Windows Signature Edition PCs.

For smartphones and tablets, you may not be able to uninstall manufacturer-made apps, but you can disable them via your phone’s settings.

The only way of truly uninstalling bloatware system apps is for your computer manufacturer to remove them for you, or root your smartphone, which again compromises its security.

View All Chrome and Firefox Browser Add-ons in One Place

FirefoxChrome_0

View a list of the add-ons and plugins installed on your PC quickly and easily with this portable program.

BrowserAddonsView is a small portable program that will scan and display the installed add-ons and plugins in your PC.

The programs show several columns listing the extension name, description, browser in which they are located, whether they are enabled or disabled, installation date, the last update, and the profile folder they are in.

You can see more information about the extension by right clicking on the name and choosing Properties.

It currently works with Firefox, Chrome, and Internet Explorer. None of the Chromium based browsers such as Opera, Vivaldi, Chromium Edge are shown/supported, and Firefox forks like Pale Moon and Waterfox aren’t recognized either.

Another great program brought to you by Nir Sofer (NirSoft), it’s easy to use. Download and unzip the file, run the program and a list of add-ons and plugins is displayed. It’s always an option to use the browser add-on manager, but if you use more than one browser it’s a useful tool.

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What Is Creative Commons & Explanation Of Each License

Creative Commons is a non-profit organization that helps to create a large library of creative works for individuals and businesses to share and work with for free. As a creator, you can claim free licenses through Creative Commons which allows you to share your work to the public.

As somebody looking for content, you’re free to use Creative Commons licensed work such as artwork, photos, educational papers, scientific research or music, as long as you follow the rules for attributing the creators.

The benefit Creative Commons provides in our creative-driven world is immeasurable. Let’s take a closer look at how it all works, why it’s so powerful for creative content and how each license works.

What Is Creative Commons and How Does It Work?

Creative Commons has been built to offer an alternative to copyright. Instead of handing out DMCA takedowns and copyright strikes when an individual uses your work, you instead pick up a Creative Commons license so that others can freely use your work, so long as they credit you properly.

As an art creator, you can get your art, photos or music in front of a larger audience and help to grow your brand. You also get that fuzzy feeling that comes with sharing your work instead of holding it close to your chest.

As a creative in need of art or music, you are able to use Creative Commons licensed content so long as you credit authors properly. Guidelines are provided on the official Creative Commons website for this, but it essentially means including written credit of the author’s name, the title of the work, a link to the source and a link to the license. Some licenses have some restrictions, which we’ll explain later. 

Let’s give an example of how Creative Commons can be beneficial to both artists and content creators. Let’s say a music artist is creating great instrumental music, but they are having a hard time promoting it. If the artist acquired free Creative Commons licenses for their songs, they could promote it as copyright free on platforms like YouTube and Soundcloud. 

Content creators searching for background music for their videos on YouTube or Instagram, for example, could then use the artist’s music and include the correct attribution in their video description or caption.

The end result would be the content creator can create higher quality content, and the artist may get more views on their content thanks to new interest from the content creator’s audience.

What Creative Commons Licenses Are There?

What’s great about Creative Commons is that there are a number of licenses to choose from, giving artists and researchers more control over how they share their work. We will explain how each of these licenses work below. 

If you are looking to use Creative Commons licensed work, you must check to see what license the content has before using it, because some restrictions for usage will apply, as you’ll see below.

Attribution (CC BY)

With the standard Creative Commons attribution license, others are able to share, remix, edit and distribute work. They are even given the freedom to distribute it commercially, so long as they credit the author properly.

Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)

Attribution ShareAlike is similar to the standard attribution license. It allows others to use, edit remix, re-sell and re-distribute work, but any redistributed work will also include the same Attribution-ShareAlike license. 

The difference between Attribution and Attribution ShareALike is that an individual has the freedom to place a standard copyright license with any work they have created that uses standard Creative Commons CC BY work. With Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike, this isn’t possible.

Attribution-NoDerivs (CC BY-ND)

With this license, others can reuse licensed work, even commercially, but they cannot share adapted versions of it and they must always credit the original author.

Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)

With the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, others can remix, edit, and adapt licensed work, but they do not have the right to offer it commercially. If this license is used, any remixed or edited work can then by copyrighted by its new owners.

Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA)

With Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike, licensed work can be edited, remixed, and built upon, but it cannot be offered commercially, and new edited work cannot be copyrighted – the newly edited work must hold the same Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)

This is the most restrictive Creative Commons license but it still gives some freedom for others to use your work. Others can download and share your work so long as they credit the author, but they cannot change the work in anyway and cannot use it commercially.

How To Get a Creative Commons License

It’s completely free and very easy to get a Creative Commons license. First visit the Creative Commons share your work page and go through the steps. Make sure to enter your name, the title of your work, and the right URLS. The website will pick out a license based on what options you select.

You’ll then be given the media, text and HTML code to display your license online. Creative Commons licenses can be enforceable in a court of law, and there is evidence of this, but you’ll need to speak to a lawyer or your legal team on the correct steps to take.

How To Find Creative Commons Content Online

If you’re a creator looking for creative commons content, you’ll be happy to hear that there are some excellent search tools available for finding Creative Commons content online. We’ve compiled a list of some of the greatest resources available.

Creative Commons Search

It makes sense to start with the search engine built straight into the official Creative Commons website. This tool will search their entire database for Creative Commons images. You can also filter searches for file type, sources, and even by license type. 

For example, if you need to find content you can modify and redistribute, you can filter for the BY and BY-SA licenses.

Google Images

Google has powerful advanced tools that allows you to quickly filter by usage rights. Go to Google images, search for a phrase, and then click the Tools button. After that, click the Usage rights drop-down box and you’ll have a number of options. 

Choose an option and Google will automatically filter images that are labelled with Creative Commons licenses, similar licenses, or are in the public domain. Just like when choosing content with the right Creative Commons license, make sure to click the right search filter that suits your needs. 

Below is an overview, based on the guidelines from Google.

  • Labelled for reuse: Images with this filter can be redistributed, even commercially, if the content remains unmodified.
  • Labelled for use with modification: Images with this filter can be changed in any way and redistributed, even commercially.
  • Labelled for noncommercial use: You may find more search options with this selected, but remember that any results with this filter cannot be for commercial use.

Flickr 

Flickr is a powerful image hosting service, most renowned for great photography. When you search, you can click the “any license” drop-down box to select Creative Commons licenses.

The returned results will all be available under Creative Commons. Click on each individual photo to see more details about what license is used and attribution details.

Blender-Models

3D modelling is a skill that takes years to master, so it can be harder to find free content to use. However, one great platform is the Blender-Models website, where all models have CC licenses and you can quickly search by model category.

Freesound

That’s right, you can even find free audio under Creative Commons. This includes user-submitted sound effects, songs, and atmospheric sounds. Simply sign up for free, make a search, and click the licenses filter on the right side of the search results. 

Content is rated and download count is shown, making it very easy to find good quality sounds for all sorts of content.

How to record GIF screencasts on macOS

macOS can record screencasts out of the box but screencasts aren’t always in movie formats, not anymore. A lot of people prefer GIFs since they make for smaller files and are more suitable for sharing on social media platforms. If you want to record GIF screencasts on macOS, you can use a free app called GIF Brewery. Not only is it a great app for recording GIF screencasts, it also comes with an excellent editor that allows you to add text to a GIF, and edit a GIF frame-by-frame.

Need to record GIF screencasts on Windows 10? Try ScreentoGIF. It’s a personal favorite of mine when I need to record a GIF screencast on Windows 10.

Record GIF screencasts

Download GIF Brewery from the Mac App Store. Run the app and it will ask you what you want to record. Select the ‘Record Screen’ option.

A square video frame will open with fields for changing the area that the app will record. Enter new width and height dimensions or, if you want to record the full screen, click the gears button next to these fields. Click the full-screen button and then click Record to start recording.

The app will go to the menu bar and its icon will turn red to indicate a recording is in progress. To stop a recording, click this icon and select the stop recording option from the menu.

The recorded GIF opens in the editor and you can use the many tools present in it to edit it. You can add overlays, text, stickers, crop the screencast, resize it, and remove and copy/paste frames. Once you’re done, click the ‘Create’ button at the bottom right to save it. If you’re not ready to save the screencast as a GIF but don’t want to lose the work you’ve already done, go to File>Save and save it as a GIF Brewery file. This is basically a project file that you can open in the app again and pick up editing where you left it off.

GIFs are not going to match the quality of a Mac display. You will definitely see a difference in the quality of the GIF screencast and a screencast that you’ve recorded with the native tool. That said, the GIF is still in excellent quality and can be used for professional projects.

The app allows you to include or exclude the mouse cursor from the GIF, and you can also choose to show/hide mouse clicks.

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