How to clone a Linux Hard Drive with Gparted

Duplicating hard drive partitions can be tedious if you use a tool like Clonezilla or another Linux-backup utility. If you’re in a hurry, it’s much better to use the duplication feature built right into everyone’s favorite Linux partition editor: Gparted!

In this guide, we’ll go over how to clone a Linux Hard Drive with ease using the Gparted live disk. This process can also be done with the version of Gparted included in many Linux OS software sources but is not recommended, as it makes modifying some file systems hard.

Create GParted Live Disk

The GParted Live Disk is essential for Linux users that want to modify hard drives, especially ones that have Linux operating systems on them. To get a copy of the Gparted live disk working, follow the step-by-step instructions below.

Step 1: Download the Etcher USB burning application to your Linux PC, by visiting this website here.

Step 2: Open up a terminal window by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T or Ctrl + Shift + T on the keyboard. Then, CD into the “Downloads” directory on your Linux PC.

cd ~/Downloads

Step 3: Use the unzip command-line application to extract the Etcher AppImage file on your Linux PC fully.

unzip balena-etcher-electron-*-linux-x64.zip

Step 4: Update the permissions of the Etcher AppImage file so that it is executable and runnable by the system using the chmod command.

chmod +x balenaEtcher-*.AppImage

Step 5: Use the wget command to download the latest release of the Gparted Live ISO file to your Linux PC.

wget https://downloads.sourceforge.net/gparted/gparted-live-1.0.0-2-amd64.iso

Or, for 32-bit, do:

wget https://downloads.sourceforge.net/gparted/gparted-live-1.0.0-2-i686.iso

Step 6: Launch the Etcher application with the command-line.

./balenaEtcher-*-x64.AppImage

Step 7: Plug in your USB flash drive and allow Etcher to auto-select it.

Step 8: Click on the “Select Image” button to bring up an “open-file dialog” window and browse for the Gparted ISO file.

Step 9: Click the “Flash!” button in Etcher to start the flashing process. When the process is done, reboot your Linux PC with the USB flash drive plugged in.

Boot Gparted

To boot Gparted from USB, configure your BIOS to load from USB in the boot order. Once it loads up, you’ll see a boot menu with several items in the list. Look for the “Gparted Live (Default settings) option and hit the Enter key to start up the live disk.

After you’ve gotten past the Grub prompt for Gparted Live disk on your computer, a window labeled “Configuration console-data” will appear on the screen. The prompt will have several options to choose from. If you need to set your preferred keymap, click the “Select keymap from arch list” option. Otherwise, choose “Don’t touch keymap” to boot the default kernel one.

Following the keymap, Gparted will ask about your language. Look through the list and choose the one you speak by entering the number into the prompt. Otherwise, keep it at the default selection by pressing the Enter key on the keyboard.

Your language and keymap are set in the Gparted Live Disk. Now, load up the GUI interface by entering the startx command in the prompt under “Which mode do you prefer.”

Copying Partitions with Gparted

To copy a partition in Gparted, start by locating the drive you want to work with (AKA the source hard drive). Using the menu in the upper right-hand corner of the Gparted tool, find the drive you wish to copy from and select it in the menu to go to it in the app.

On the source hard drive, locate the partition on the source drive in which you wish to copy to the secondary hard drive (AKA the destination hard drive). Once you’ve found the partition you’d like to copy, right-click on it with the mouse to reveal the right-click menu.

Look through the menu for “copy” and select it to confirm to Gparted that you want to copy the partition. Then go back to the menu in the upper right-hand part of the app and choose the destination hard drive.

Note: the partition on the source hard drive must not be bigger than the space of the destination drive. Be sure to right-click on the partition and select “resize” to shrink it down first, so that the partition you intend to copy over fits on the destination drive.

After loading the destination hard drive in Gparted, right-click on any space to bring up the right-click menu. Look through the right-click menu for “paste” to copy the partition over.

Click the green checkmark icon to apply the transfer to the new drive. Be sure to repeat this process as many times as necessary, if multiple partitions need copying.

When all hard drive partitions are done copying in Gparted, reboot your Linux PC.

Read How to clone a Linux Hard Drive with Gparted by Derrik Diener on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter

How to back up iPhone without iTunes on macOS Catalina

iTunes is no more. When you upgrade to macOS Catalina, the iTunes app will be removed from your system. It’s hard to say anyone will miss it. It did not age well, and users grew tired of its sluggishness over the years. That said, iTunes had one very important job; backing up your iPhone, or iPad. It also let you restore your iOS device from an older back-up which leaves you wondering how that’s going to work with Catalina. The answer lies with the Finder app. Here’s how you can back up an iPhone without iTunes on macOS Catalina.

Back up iPhone without iTunes

Launch Finder and connect your iPhone to your Mac. In the column on the left, you will see the device appear under your MacBook. Select it.

In the preview pane on the right, click the Pair button. You need to allow your Mac to access files on your iPhone, and the permission will have to be granted on your phone. Unlock it, allow your Mac access from the pop up, and enter your Passcode if prompted.

Once your Mac is allowed to access your iPhone, the preview pane will be replaced with a familiar interface; the iTunes device details interface, with some changes.

Of course, this isn’t iTunes. Apple has just fashioned the new feature after iTunes so that it is easier to use/learn. Select the General tab, and click the Sync button at the bottom. Allow it to back up your data and sync it to your Mac.

This is how it works in the Catalina public beta. There’s one rather glaring shortcoming here; Finder gives no indication that the back up is complete or in progress. The Sync button appears greyed-out/is un-usable but there is no progress bar or anything like that. To check if your phone is still syncing, look at the status bar for the syncing icon. Once sync is complete, the Sync button will be ‘clickable’ again. No notification is shown when sync completes.

To restore your iPhone, you will do what you always did with some small amendments. Put the iPhone in restore mode, connect it to your Mac, and select the device inside Finder. Once selected, you will see an option to Restore iPhone much like you did in iTunes.

With respect to selecting what is synced to your iPhone, all the same options that iTunes had to offer are there in Finder. Look through the different tabs under your device; Music, Films, TV Programs, Podcasts, Audiobooks, Books, Photos, Files, and Info, to select what to sync.

Read How to back up iPhone without iTunes on macOS Catalina by Fatima Wahab on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter

Daily News Roundup: Hackers Broke into Ten Telecom Networks

Security researchers have revealed hackers spent years burrowing into ten different telecoms. Using a common method of an email with a link leading to malware, the hackers then used sophisticated techniques to target specific individuals.

Security researchers at Cybereason revealed details of years-long attempts to break into telecom services (cell phone carriers). Starting in 2017, and possibly before, hackers sent emails to unsuspecting telecom employees with malicious links. The initial payload gave the hackers access to the telecom networks.

Once in, the hackers ultimately compromised the network, gaining administrative privileges, and even creating a VPN on the system that let hackers access large amounts of data and empowered them even to shut down the telecom network entirely. The hackers had so much power that Amit Serper, Principal Security Researcher at Cybereason,  described them as essentially a “de facto shadow IT department of the company.”

Sabotage doesn’t seem to be the goal. Instead, the hackers downloaded data about 20 or so specific individual’s Call Detail Records. The information stolen would have contained call history, location history, what device the person is using, and so on. With this hack, the perpetrators achieved similar results to stealing a person’s phone, without the person knowing about it.

Cybereason didn’t reveal which telecoms the group hacked, though they did specify the locations of the targeted individuals as Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. [ZDNet]

In Other News:

  • Amazon Prime Day is now two days: Amazon’s year tradition of discounting ninety things you don’t need and one thing you’ve been thinking about is back. This year Prime Day will start on July 15th and end July 16th, a full 48 hours later. We’re already looking forward to next year’s Prime Week. [TechRadar]
  • Apple releases public betas of upcoming software: iOS 13, iPadOS, macOS Catalina, and tvOS 13 are moving along quite nicely, and we found lots to love in the new features the company is promising. The next step is here; Apple released public betas for just about all your iDevices. But, remember it is a beta. You probably shouldn’t download it, wait for the release. [Thurott]
  • Ubuntu wants Steam and changed its mind about 32-bit: Canonical, the company behind Ubuntu, planned to remove 32-bit packages and libraries in its upcoming 19.10 update. With that announcement, Steam said it would drop support for Ubuntu. Unsurprisingly, Canonical is reversing course. [Engadget]
  • KitchenAid’s new $3,200 oven is now available: KitchenAid is now selling a smart oven with Google Assistant and Alexa compatibility. It also includes an LCD, a grill attachment, and other optional accessories. And unlike other Smart Ovens, it’s full-sized as opposed to a toaster oven form factor. [Digital Trends]
  • FedEx Sued the U.S. over Huawei shipments: The Huawei news never seems to stop. FedEx recently received bad press when it refused to ship a package containing a Huawei phone. Now it wants the U.S. to stop requiring it to monitor packages for more Huawei phones, calling the process virtually impossible and a potential privacy violation. [CNN]
  • SpaceX caught a nosecone for the first time: Launching rockets is expensive, and one of the most costly parts is building new rocket hardware after every launch. SpaceX’s goal is to reuse as much as possible, and it just pulled off a new trick in pursuit of that aim. For the first time, the company successfully caught a nosecone. The company estimates each nosecone costs six million dollars, so now it just needs to repair the used one for less. [The Verge]
  • USB Cords weren’t reversible because of money: If you’ve ever felt incredibly accomplished because you successfully plugged in a USB Cord the right direction on the first try, Ajay Bhatt, the leader of the team that designed USB, understands your pain. As he explained to NPR, they could have made USB reversible from the beginning. But that meant doubling the wires and increased costs; the goal was to be as cheap as possible. It could have been worse; they considered a round USB design. [NPR]
  • Google promises palm detection for Pixel’s Ambient Display: Like other Android phones, Pixels have an ambient display that shows minimal information at all times. That prevents you from waking up the phone, showing the lock screen, and wasting energy. Unfortunately, it’s too easy to wake up the lock screen right now, defeating the point. Google says it will solve the problem with palm detection. Pixel lovers rejoice. [9to5Google]

Eighty years ago Physicist Eugene Paul Wigner predicted that hydrogen could turn into an electricity-conducting solid at the right temperature.

The idea is fascinating on many levels. Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe, so we have plenty to work with and as a solid metal, it might transmit electricity without heating up. That would be perfect for use in superconductors, which typically get very hot.

Creating metallic hydrogen might also tell us more about giant planets like Jupiter, as we suspect the substance fills the planet’s core.

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How to Use Microsoft Word’s Learning Tools

word logo

Microsoft Word’s Learning Tools, a feature exclusively available to Office 365 subscribers, aim to help improve reading comprehension and overall fluency. Here’s an overview of what’s available in Word’s Learning Tools.

What’s Available in Word’s Learning Tools?

Word’s Learning Tools provides several different educational features that aim to improve focus, reading speed, pronunciation, and fluency. They don’t support all languages, though. Text spacing doesn’t work in languages with complex or connected scripts, and the read-aloud function doesn’t support register transfer languages. Additionally, the syllabification feature doesn’t support some languages. Office’s support site details the Learning Tool’s language support, so be sure to check that out.

The following will give you an idea of the offerings that’s available in this toolset. First, you’ll need to access them. To do this, open Word, head over to the “View” tab, and then select “Learning Tools.”

Immersive Learning tools

You’ll now be in the new “Learning Tools” tab with six different options in front of you.

learning tools options

Each offering provides a unique benefit in the language learning process. Here’s what you need to know.

Column Width

The “Column Width” option adjusts how much text appears on a single line. With fewer words per line, new learners may feel less anxiety when reading through the text. As you progress, you might want to slowly adjust the column width to bring more text to each line.

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How to record multiple screens at once on Windows 10

Recording a PC screen has gotten easier. There are quite a few basic tools that allow you to record your screen. For more sophisticated needs, you can buy apps that do the job and make everything easy. If you need to record multiple screens at once though, you will find your options shrink. Most solutions require that you buy an app for the job. The one free, and reliable solution that is available is of course Open Broadcaster Software.

The only downside to using OBS to record multiple screens at once is that the UI is a bit complicated. In this post, we hope to simplify everything so that it’s easy to use the app to simultaneously record multiple screens.

Download OBS and then follow the directions below. OBS is available for macOS and Linux as well so this will work if you own a Mac or are running Linux on your PC.

Set up sources

On OBS, sources are where the video is captured from. This can be the screen, a different app, or even a webcam.

Open OBS and under Sources, click the plus button to add a new source. From the menu that opens, select Display Capture.

Click Next on the window that opens, and then on the window that follows, select your primary monitor from the Display dropdown. Click OK. OBS can now record your primary monitor. Next, you need to allow it to record your second monitor as well.

Click the plus button under the Sources section again, and select Display Capture, again. Click Next on the window that opens. On the screen that follows, open the Display dropdown and select your second monitor.

Expand recording area

By default, the recording area on OBS is set to the resolution of your primary monitor. Since you’re interested in recording multiple screens at once, you need to expand this area so that it can include both screens side-by-side. To do this, click the Settings button at the bottom right.

On the Settings window, go to the Video tab. Open the ‘Base (Canvas) resolution’ dropdown and change it so that it is set to the total width of both your monitors, and the height of the tallest monitor that you have.

For example, both my monitors are 1920×1080. The resolution I set is 3840×1080.

Click Apply, and then OK.

Align screens in OBS

This is the last thing you need to do before you can start recording. With the recording area expanded, OBS looks like the screenshot below. There’s empty area along the left (yours might be on the right, no big deal). This is where you need to add your second screen.

To do this, simply click on a screen from the right, and drag & drop it on to the black area. The display sources are basically stacked on top of each other like layers. What you’re doing is dragging one layer to the side so that it sits next to the other input source.

You’re now ready to record, or stream. Click the record button and OBS will record both screens at the same time.

Read How to record multiple screens at once on Windows 10 by Fatima Wahab on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter