How to import email from Evolution to Thunderbird on Linux

If you’ve used Evolution mail on your Linux PC and you’re considering switching to Thunderbird as it is much more straightforward to use, you’ll be happy to know that it is possible to migrate from Evolution to Thunderbird on Linux. In this guide, we’ll go over how to export your email from the Evolution email client and import it into the Thunderbird email client.

Note: you must have the latest Thunderbird email client installed on your Linux PC to follow this guide. For more information on how to get Thunderbird working on Linux, click here.

Save Evolution mailbox

It is possible to migrate from Evolution to Thunderbird on Linux. Unfortunately, there is no Evolution mail option in the Thunderbird import tool, and it doesn’t seem like the app will be added to the Thunderbird import wizard any time soon. As a result, the only way you will be able to import your mail from Evolution is by saving mailboxes as Mbox files.

To start the process, launch the Evolution email client and let it fetch your mail. You may need to click on every individual folder in the app, so it may take a bit. Once all email is loaded into Evolution, follow the step-by-step instructions down below to save your Evolution mailbox.

Step 1: Click on any folder in the Evolution app, and allow all of the messages to load. Then, press the Ctrl + A keyboard combination to select all of the mail in the folder. Use the scrollbar to confirm that absolutely every email, old and new, is selected. If all of the emails are not selected, press Ctrl + A once again.

Step 2: Right-click on any email message, ensuring that all of the emails are still selected. After right-clicking, a menu will appear on the screen. Look through the right-click menu for the option to “Save as mbox.”

Step 3: Once you choose the “Save as mbox” option, a pop-up window will appear on the screen. In this pop-up window, save the name of your mbox file. For best results, name it after the folder you’re saving.

So, for example, if you are saving an “archive” folder, save it as archive.mbox. An “inbox” folder? Try inbox.mbox. Just be sure that the mbox file has a proper name that allows you to identify it.

Step 4: Repeat steps 1-3 for each folder in Evolution, ensuring that you have all of your mail messages exported. The exporting process may take a bit of time, so be patient. When you finish saving all of your mbox files, move on to the next section of the guide!

Install Thunderbird import extension

Mozilla Thunderbird does not natively support Mbox files. However, you can quickly add this feature to the email client by installing ImportExportTools NG via the extensions store.

Note: your Thunderbird email configuration needs to be POP3 to import an Evolution email to it. The importing process is not possible with IMAP, as they are remote folders.

To install the extension, do the following. First,  launch Thunderbird. Then, click on the settings menu button on the right (next to the search box). Inside of the settings menu, look for the “Addons” menu and click on it with the mouse.

In the “Addons” menu, click on the “Addons” menu item inside. This menu item will take you to the Thunderbird extension manager. Inside of the extension manager, look for “Extensions” on the side and click on it.

After clicking on “Extensions,” locate the search box net to “Find more extensions,” and type in “ImportExportTools NG.” Press Enter to search. Then, look through the search results for “ImportExportTools NG.”

On the ImportExportTools NG page, click on the “Add to Thunderbird” button to add the extension to your email client. Then, restart Thunderbird to finish the setup process.

Importing to Thunderbird

To import your email exported from Evolution as a Mbox file, follow the step-by-step instructions below.

Step 1: Open up Thunderbird and select your email account in the app with the mouse. Then, right-click on the inbox folder to bring up the right-click menu.

Step 2: Look through the right-click menu, look for ImportExportTools NG in the menu, and select it with the mouse. Then, look for the “import mbox” option, and select it with the mouse to bring up the importing tool.

Step 3: In the import menu, locate “Import directly one or more mbox files” and click on the “OK” button to continue.

Step 4: Using the file manager pop-up window, browse for the exported Evolution mbox mail file on your PC. Then, select “Open” to import it.

Once the mbox file is added to the Thunderbird mail client, you will see your old exported email messages. Repeat steps 1-4 to add all of the mbox files if you have more than one file saved.

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How to cut out an image on Linux

Do you have an image file that you want to cut out of a picture, so it looks good on a web page or other types of projects? Are you a Linux user and not great with basic image editing? We can help! Follow along with this guide as we go over how to cut out an image on Linux!

Installing Gimp on Linux

While it is true that there are a lot of great image editors on the Linux platform that can be used to take an image cut it out, we will be focusing on the Gimp app in this guide. As a result, we must go over how to get the latest release of the Gimp image editor up and running on Linux.

To install Gimp on Linux, launch a terminal window by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T or Ctrl + Shift + T on the keyboard. Then, enter the commands below to get the app working.

Note: need help getting Gimp working, but want a more in-depth explanation of how to install the app? Check out our guide on how to get Gimp working on Linux. The instructions below are simply for convenience and aren’t as detailed as what is covered in the Gimp installation guide.

Ubuntu

sudo apt install gimp

Debian

sudo apt-get install gimp

Arch Linux

sudo pacman -S gimp

Fedora

sudo dnf install gimp

OpenSUSE

sudo zypper install gimp

With the Gimp application installed, launch it via the app menu on your Linux desktop. Then, move on to the next section of the guide.

Import image in GIMP

Now that the Gimp app is installed and open on the Linux desktop, you must import the image you wish to edit. There are two ways to import image files into the Gimp app on Linux. Here’s how to do it.

Method 1 – traditional importing

To import an image into the Gimp image editor the traditional way, follow the step-by-step instructions below.

Step 1: Find the “File” button in the Gimp window, and click on it to access the items.

Step 2: Locate the “Open” button in the “File” menu, and select it. Selecting “Open” will bring up a file browser.

Step 3: Use the file browser to locate the image file you would like to edit in the Gimp image editor.

After selecting “Open,” Gimp will load up the picture into the workspace.

Method 2 – drag-and-drop

To add an image via the “drag-and-drop” feature in Gimp, do the following.

Step 1: Launch the Linux file manager, and find the image you wish to cut out.

Step 2: Select the image in the Linux file manager, and drag it into the Gimp workspace. It should load into Gimp instantly.

Add alpha channel to the image

To cut out an image in Gimp, you must add an alpha channel. Without getting too technical, it allows for transparency effects, to be saved in the final image. Adding an alpha channel to an image in Gimp is relatively simple. To do it, follow the step-by-step instructions below.

Step 1: Locate the layers tool in Gimp on the right-hand side of the Gimp workspace window. If you cannot find the layer tool, it is directly under the brushes and the “mode” tool. You’ll see your image file-name, followed by an eye icon.

Step 2: Once you’ve found the layer area in Gimp, right-click on your image using the mouse. Look through the right-click menu for the “Add Alpha Channel,” and click on it to add an alpha channel to your image.

Cut out image

To most people, the concept of “cutting an image” means cutting a specific section of an image file out of the main picture, so that it can be placed onto other images, or used on web pages, etc. For example, if I want to “cut out,” Lisa Simpson, I need to cut the background around her in the picture.

To cut out your image, you will need to use the “free select tool.”

  1. Select the free select tool to access it. Upon selecting the “free select tool,” your mouse cursor will turn into a crosshair.
  2. Using the crosshair, slowly (and carefully) click around the thing you want to cut out. You will need to make a complete closed loop.

Unsure what “closed-loop” means? Just make sure that the selection you are making connects because if it does not connect, the free select tool will not make a selection.

  1. After you’ve selected the portion of the image you wish to cut out, press the Ctrl + I button on your keyboard. This keyboard combination will invert the selection so that you can quickly delete the background.

  1. Once you’ve pressed Ctrl + I to invert the selections, press the Delete button to erase everything in the image but the portion of the image you’ve selected with the “free select tool” to cut out the image.
  2. Save the final image in PNG format. Do not save it in JPG or JPEG or the background transparency will be lost.

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Use Windows 10 Compatibility Mode To Run Old Programs

Computer hardware changes quickly. Knowing what you should upgrade on your PC depends on how you use it. Games frequently require the most up to date parts available, but older software sometimes works differently.

There are few worse feelings than updating your operating system only to find that your favorite programs no longer work. Windows 10 compatibility mode can help you bring your software back to life.

Why Does Old Software Break?

Before looking at how to resurrect old software, it’s worth learning about why they might not work with Windows 10. While there are a large number of potential problems for older software, most suffer from similar issues:

  • Out of date dependencies – software depending on old programs and libraries no longer available in Windows 10
  • 16-bit programs – Windows 10 is 64-bit, and doesn’t support 16-bit programs *32 bit works just fine though)
  • DOS – Older programs and games designed for MSDOS don’t run in Windows, as it only emulates a small part of the DOS system for the Terminal window
  • Security – Exploits and backdoors for programs are continually changing, and old updated software can be rejected as a security risk

These issues, and many more, can stop older software from running. Keeping old software alive is a topic that many people are passionate about, and there are online communities devoted to extending products beyond their official end of life.

How To Run Software Using Windows 10 Compatibility Mode

If you’ve managed to install an older piece of software only to find it refuses to run, you have several options. The first is to use the automatic compatibility checker to match software with different modes to get them up and running.

  • Right-click on the .EXE file and select Properties
  • Under the Compatibility tab, click Run compatibility troubleshooter
  • Wait while Windows scans the program
  • Select Try recommended settings

This will set up the program to work with whatever settings Windows 10 thinks is best. If it still doesn’t launch, repeat the process, this time selecting Troubleshoot program at the last step to launch an interactive wizard.

The Program Compatibility Troubleshooter works best on more recent software. But if you know exactly what software a program is meant to run on, you might be better off using manual mode.

How To Manually Select Windows 10 Compatibility Modes

If you’ve tried the previous steps and they didn’t work, there are still other options to try before giving up. You can manually select which system to use with Windows compatibility mode:

  • Right-click on the .EXE file and select Properties
  • Under the Compatibility tab, click the Run this program in compatibility mode for: checkbox
  • Select the Windows version the program was written for
  • Click OK

Now, whenever that program is opened, Windows 10 will attempt to run it via a shim, special software designed to bridge the gap between old and new operating systems.

What To Do When Windows Compatibility Mode Doesn’t Work

Windows 10 Compatibility mode does a good job of running many pieces of older software, but sometimes it comes up against a piece of software too old or outdated to run. There’s no easy fix in these cases, but that doesn’t mean it isn’t possible. 

There are several other options for running old programs, but they’re a little more adventurous.

Run Older Versions Of Windows In a Virtual Machine

A virtual machine is an entire operating system running in a sandbox program on your computer. It’s a great way to try out other operating systems and Linux distributions.

The benefit of a VM is that it can emulate old hardware perfectly. This way, rather than trying to get Windows 10 to run programs for an older operating system, you can run Windows XP natively in a virtual machine.

This comes with several advantages, though perhaps the most important is the separation between your modern system and the older software, cutting out any possible security issues the software might cause.

Run DOS Software With DOSBox

Before Windows, all software ran in DOS (commonly known as MSDOS). There’s no compatibility between modern versions of Windows and DOS, but there are options for running programs via an emulator.

You could install the software in a virtual machine, but DOSBox is a much easier option. It is entirely free and open-source and designed to support a wide range of old games and software on various platforms, including Windows and macOS

Build a Computer With Old Hardware

For the ultimate hardcore approach, you can build a dedicated computer to run the operating system of your choice. It sounds extreme, but it’s exactly what YouTuber MattKC did.

As the video shows, this approach is full of bugs and not for the faint-hearted. If you are up for the challenge, though, the thinking behind building an old PC is solid. After all, a considerable amount of government, medical, and military software still runs on old machines to this day.

Whether you think that is a good thing or not, however, is subjective.

Old Software, Modern Hardware

Keeping old software alive might be a passion, or maybe you need it for your business. Either way, Windows 10 has several options for keeping old programs alive.

If you run Windows 7, you might find XP mode useful for the same reasons, and Windows 8 users will find a similar Windows compatibility mode built into their operating system.

Microsoft Teams Status Stuck on Out of Office (FIXED)

Email and chat services don’t really turn off. You can sign out of a chat application but people will still be able to send you messages. When you next log in, the message will be there, unread. 

The problem with messages accumulating like this is that they’re delivered but not read, giving the impression that the messages have been ignored. To work around this, there is ‘Out of Office’.

Out of Office Message and Microsoft Team Status

An Out of Office message is generally set for emails where, if you get an email during your hiatus, a message is automatically sent to the sender informing them that you won’t reply until you’re back. It’s a simple, practical, and polite way to let others know you’re not reading their messages.

The same concept works for chat services and clients. An out of office message tells anyone who sends you a message that you aren’t actively checking them.

The feature may have different names (on Slack it’s called snooze notifications), but the principle is the same.

Microsoft Teams Status is stuck on Out of Office

Microsoft Teams allows users to set an Out of Office status. If you set an Out of Office message in Outlook Microsoft Teams can also sync the information from there. 

When you remove the Out of Office alert from Outlook, it should likewise be removed from Microsoft Teams.

If your Microsoft Teams status is stuck on Out of Office, try the fixes below.

1. Reset Microsoft Teams status

Microsoft Teams doesn’t have its own Out of Office status but it does have an option to reset its status.

  1. Open Microsoft Teams.
  2. Click your profile at the top right.
  3. Go to Available (or whatever status you see), and click Reset status.

2. Change status in Microsoft Teams

  1. Open Microsoft Teams.
  2. Click the ‘Change status’ option in the bar at the top.
  3. Click the delete/trash bin button to delete the Out of Office message.

3. Check Outlook invites

During your Out Of Office period, if you received a meeting invite that fell on those dates, but also extended beyond them to dates when you’d be back in the office, they will all be marked as Out of Office. You will have to remove this invites to get rid of the Out of Office status in Microsoft Teams.

  1. Open Outlook on your desktop or in your browser.
  2. Select the Outlook calendar.
  3. Double-click a meeting invite or event that is set to Out of Office.
  4. Once the event is open, open the Show As dropdown.
  5. Change the status from Out of Office to Free.

4. Turn off Automatic replies in Outlook

A simple way to turn off the Out of Office status in Microsoft Teams is to turn it off in Outlook.

  1. Open Outlook.
  2. Go to File.
  3. Click ‘Turn off’ under Automatic replies.
  4. Give it a little time to sync, and your Microsoft Teams status will change to Available.

5. Delete Microsoft Teams settings’ file

Microsoft Teams stores its settings in a local file on your system. Its setting do sync online and if you change them on a different system, they will sync to other devices as well but that means the local file is updated.

If your Microsoft Teams status is stuck on Out of Office, try deleting the settings file.

  1. Open File Explorer.
  2. Paste the following in the location bar, and tap Enter.
C:\Users\YourUserName\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Teams
  1. Look for a file called settings.json.
  2. Copy it to a different location.
  3. Delete the file from its original location.
  4. Sign out and sign in to Microsoft Teams.

Conclusion

The Out of Office status in Microsoft Teams tends to get stuck more often when it is synced from Outlook.

The status from Outlook may, or may not sync which makes it an unreliable way to set the status for Teams but there is no way to turn the sync between these two services off.

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How to format a MicroSD card on Windows 10

A MicroSD card belongs on small devices like phones or tablets. These devices normally do not have space for an SD card given that the device needs to be a certain size and still pack a lot of hardware.

Outside of phones, tablets, and cameras, you won’t find a lot of devices that can read and write directly to a MicroSD card. The reason simply being that they do not have a slot small enough for it. 

On devices that do have a slot for a MicroSD card, there is rarely an option to format it. 

Format MicroSD Card on Windows 10

If you want to format a MicroSD card on Windows 10, you can however, you may have to purchase additional hardware i.e., an adapter that will allow you to connect the card to your PC.

If your Windows 10 system has a slot for an SD card though, you can buy a MicroSD card adapter. It’s cheap, and it often comes bundled with MicroSD cards.

You can format a MicroSD card from the Disk Management tool on Windows 10 which offers a simple GUI, you can format it from File Explorer, or you can use the Diskpart tool which is a command-line tool.

Note: Formatting will ERASE ALL DATA on the card. 

1. Format MicroSD card via Disk Management

  1. Connect the MicroSD card to your system via an adapter.
  2. Tap the Win+R keyboard shortcut to open the run box.
  3. In the run box enter diskmgmt.msc and tap Enter.
  4. The MicroSD card will be listed in the bottom half of the app.
  5. Right-click a volume/drive or the entire disk, and select Format.
  6. Select a file system, and make other changes as necessary.

2. Format MicroSD Card via File Explorer

  1. Connect the MicroSD card to your system via an adapter.
  2. Open File Explorer.
  3. Go to This PC.
  4. The MicroSD card will be listed under Devices and drives.
  5. Right-click the MicroSD card, and select Format from the context menu.
  6. Choose between full format and quick format, select a file system, and click Start.

3. Format MicroSD card via Diskpart

  1. Connect the MicroSD card to your system via an adapter.
  2. Open Command Prompt with admin rights.
  3. Enter diskpart and tap Enter.
  4. A new Command Prompt window will open. Switch over to it.
  5. Run this command to list all connected disks: list disk
  6. Take note of the disk number of the MicroSD card.
  7. Run this command to select the MicroSD card: select disk no. Replace ‘no’ with the number given to the MicroSD card.

  1. Run this command to list volumes: list volume.
  2. Take note of the volume number of the MicroSD card.
  3. Select the volume with this command: select volume no. Replace ‘no’ with the number of the MicroSD card’s volume.
  4. Run the following command to format the volume/card;
    • To format on FAT32 file system: format fs=fat32
    • To format on the NTFS file system: format fs=NTFS
    • To format on the exFAT file system: format fs=exFAT
  5. To perform a quick format, add ‘quick’ at the end of the previous command. For example: format fs=fat32 quick.

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