How to check if an EXE is 32-bit or 64-bit on Windows 10

Installing desktop apps on Windows 10 is fairly simple. You only need to make sure you install the right binary type of the app. If you’re running 32-bit Windows, the app must also be 32-bit. Likewise, if you’re running 64-bit Windows, the app must be 64-bit as well. Good apps not only provide links to the correct version, they also name the EXE so that you can tell whether it’s 32-bit or 64-bit from just the name. For apps that don’t, you’d be surprised there isn’t a simple way to check if an EXE is 32-bit or 64-bit.

EXE 32-bit or 64-bit

We’re going to show you two simple ways to check if an EXE is 32-bit or 64-bit. Both require that you install an app however the apps are both free and chances are you might already have one of them installed on your system.

SigCheck

Download a command-line utility called SigCheck and extract it. Open Command prompt with ordinary user rights. Use the cd command to go to the extracted folder.

cd "path-to-folder"

Alternatively, navigate to the folder in File Explorer and type CMD in the location bar. Tap enter and Command Prompt will open in that location.

Run the following command.

Syntax

sigcheck.exe "complete-path-to-EXE"

Example

sigcheck.exe "C:\Users\fatiw\Desktop\DaVinci_Resolve_15.3.1_Windows\DaVinci_Resolve_15.3.1_Windows.exe"

In the output that the command returns, look for the MachineType line and it will tell you if the EXE is 32-bit or 64-bit.

7-zip

You’d be surprised but 7-zip can also tell if an EXE is 32-bit or 64-bit. Most people already have the app installed so what you need to do is, open Command prompt and use the cd command to navigate to where 7-zip is installed.

cd "C:\Program Files\7-Zip"

Check the path because you might have installed the app elsewhere.

Once you’re in the 7-zip folder, run the following command.

Syntax

7z l "complete-path-to-exe" | findstr CPU

Example

7z l "C:\Users\fatiw\Desktop\DaVinci_Resolve_15.3.1_Windows\DaVinci_Resolve_15.3.1_Windows.exe" | findstr CPU

The output will return a single line and it will tell you if the EXE is 32-bit or 64-bit.

In some cases, a 32-bit app will run on 64-bit Windows. In fact, there are still many, many apps out there that are only 32-bit and they tend to run fine. That said, you should always try and get an EXE that is built for your Windows architecture. It may help you avoid unpredictable problems down the line.

If you’re about to install Windows 10 but don’t know whether to install the 32-bit or the 64-bit version, you should check what architecture your CPU is to make the decision.

Read How to check if an EXE is 32-bit or 64-bit on Windows 10 by Fatima Wahab on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter

How to show all system tray icons on Windows 10

The system tray is a little section on the Taskbar where system icons such as the speaker, network, and action center icons appear. Of course since it’s Windows 10, Microsoft doesn’t keep this space to itself. Any app that wants to can add an icon to the system tray and you can access said app from this icon. Sometimes apps run entirely in the system tray, and other times, their icons are merely indicators that show they are running.

Since the system tray is supposed to be a small section of the taskbar, it stands to reason that not everything can fit there. It’s limited in size and all icons that can’t fit there are sent to the overflow menu. You can drag an icon out of it and have it show permanently on the system tray if you want but the default behavior is to send the new/extra icons into the overflow menu. If you want to change this default behavior and show all system tray icons, you can by changing one little setting.

Show all system tray icons

Open the Settings app and go to the Personlization group of settings. Select the Taskbar tab and scroll to the Notification area section.

Under this section, click the ‘Select which icons appear on the taskbar’ option.

The next screen will show you a list of apps that can/have added icons to the system tray. At the very top of this list is a switch called ‘Always show all icons in the notification area’. Turn it On, and the system tray will automatically expand to show you every single app icon, including the ones in the overflow menu.

This change will also effect new apps that are installed. So any new apps that want to run in the system tray or that want to add an icon to it, will automatically be added next to the other icons. There will be no overflow menu.

This does have its downside; you get less space for app icons on the taskbar. For some apps, such as those that show CPU temperature or RAM usage, having the icon visible all the time is necessary. For others, it isn’t. You can trim this list by hiding unnecessary icons from the system tray altogether. In the list of apps, turn the switch off next to an app that you don’t want in the system tray. All your icons will still be present but the ones you don’t need will not be hidden in the overflow menu.

Read How to show all system tray icons on Windows 10 by Fatima Wahab on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter

How to find the Steam folder on Windows 10

When you install apps on Windows 10, you can install them anywhere. Normally, they’ll recommend installing to the C drive which is where Windows installs by default. In many cases, you can install an app elsewhere with some exceptions. Steam is no different; you can install it on the C drive or you can install it to a different drive. That said, if you can’t find the Steam folder after installing it, there are a few different things you can try to find it.

Before you go hunting for the Steam folder, check the root of every drive on your system. It should be there. If it isn’t, use one of the options below.

Windows search

Windows search is the first tool you should try if you can’t find the Steam folder. Open Windows Search and enter Steam. It’s highly likely that the Steam app will come up as the first result however look through the other results and expand the group of folders.

You ought to see the Steam folder. Click it and it will open in File Explorer. You can copy the path from the location bar.

Steam Library

If you have a game installed then finding the Steam folder is really easy. Open Steam and go to your Library. Right-click a game and select Properties from the context menu.

In the Properties window, go to the Local Files tab and click Browse Local Files. File Explorer will open to where the game’s local files are stored. Read the path in the location bar and you’ll be able to find where your Steam folder is.

Install a game

If you don’t have a game installed, and only just have the app, you can find where the Steam folder is by downloading a game. It can be any game. Before the game begins to download, you will get a prompt asking where you want to install it.  The choose location dropdown will, by default, list the Steam folder.

The above three methods will help you find the Steam folder on Windows 10. If you’re having trouble with the Steam app i.e., it won’t run, and the last two methods aren’t something you can use, it is possible that the Steam app isn’t installed on your system, or it’s been corrupted.

If the app isn’t installed but you still need to find the Steam folder, Windows search might still help. Make sure it is set to index all your drives and then use it to look for the folder.

Read How to find the Steam folder on Windows 10 by Fatima Wahab on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter

How to back up Steam games on Windows 10

Steam has its own back up feature which saves game progress automatically. It’s a great feature to have but if you’d rather back up Steam games locally, or to an external drive, you can. The process is fairly easy.

This method backs up game files that have your progress saved however, they are not the game itself. Any time you restore the back up taken via this method, you will have to install the game if it isn’t installed already.

Back up Steam games

Locate your Steam folder. Steam installs to the C drive or the Windows drive by default however, users can choose to save it elsewhere. To that end, locate where the Steam folder is on your system and go the following location.

\steamapps\common

Under the Common folder, you will find a folder for every single game that’s installed on your  system. Games that you’ve uninstalled will not have residual folders left over from them. Also, removing these files will may or may not free up loads of space however, once you’ve backed them up, you can uninstall the game they’re for and free up considerable space on your disk.

Restore Steam games

If you want to restore a game that you’ve backed up, simply move its folder back to the Common folder under Steam. If you’ve uninstalled the game that the back up is for, restoring it will require that you also download the game.

First, move the folder back to the Common folder. Then, go to Steam, and under Library select the game you want to restore. Install it again and during the download process, Steam will check for an existing files. This is when it will detect the game folder that you moved back to the Common folder. In some cases, the files in the folder will allow the game to download in a very short time. It differs from game to game so it’s not always going to work that way.

You can use this method to move a game from one PC to another. It’s much quicker to restore games from a local back up anyway. Keep in mind though that when a game is downloaded and installed via Steam, it asks where you want to install the game to. This happens each time you install a game so during the installation process, make sure the correct Steam folder is found. It should be the same one that contained the game files.

Read How to back up Steam games on Windows 10 by Fatima Wahab on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter

How to sync brightness across multiple displays on Windows 10

Brightness for screens, particularly for external displays aren’t the easiest to manage. For one, the Windows 10 brightness control will not work for external displays. It only works with internal displays by default. If you have a multiple display set up, you likely have to set the brightness for your displays separately. An easy way to sync brightness across multiple displays is to use an app called ClickMonitorDDC.

Sync brightness across multiple displays

ClickMonitorDDC has both a portable and an installable version. If you don’t have admin rights on your system, the portable version will work just as well. Pick which one you want to use and download it.

Run the app. It will run in the system tray by default where it displays the RGB values, contrast, and brightness values for a monitor. A window will open listing the monitors connected to your system. At the top left, there’s a button that will open the app’s settings.

Before you click it though, you should copy the name of your monitors as they appear. To do that, right-click a monitor and select the Change option from the context menu. In the window that opens, copy the name of the monitor. Repeat this for both(all) your monitors. Now you’re ready to go to the app’s settings.

On the settings window, enable the ‘Automatically use brightness from source monitor’ option. Enter the name of the monitor that you want to copy the brightness level from in the first field. In the second field, enter the name of the monitor you want to sync the brightness level to, click Apply, and the brightness for both will be synced.

Keep the app running and whenever you change the brightness for the source display, the brightness for the second display will change accordingly. More importantly, if you have adaptive brightness enabled, this app will sync the change in brightness from your internal display to the external one. It will basically extend the feature to a display that would otherwise not have it.

This can work both ways i.e., you can sync the brightness from the external monitor to the internal one as well. All you have to do is change which monitor you’ve entered as the source (first field) and which one you’ve entered in the ‘For’ field (second one). The app is set to run automatically when you log on to your desktop even if you’re running the portable version.

Read How to sync brightness across multiple displays on Windows 10 by Fatima Wahab on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter