How to install Cisco Packet Tracer on Linux

If you use Linux and take the Cisco “Introduction to Packet Tracer” course, you’ll need to install the Packet Tracer application on your computer. The trouble is, Cisco doesn’t do a great job teaching users how to get the app working. In this guide, we’ll show you how to set up How to install Cisco Packet Tracer on Linux.

Cisco Packet Tracer on Linux 

Enroll in the “Introduction to Packet Tracer” course

To download the Cisco Packet Tracer app on your Linux system, you’ll first need to enroll in the “Introduction to Packet Tracer” course. Sadly, there is no other way to make the download available. However, the good news is that the course is entirely free.

To enroll in the course, start by heading over to the “Introduction to Packet Tracer” course page. Once on the page, locate the “Sign up today!” button, and click on it with the mouse.

When you select the “Sign up today!” button with the mouse, a form will appear on the screen. In this form, fill out your email, first and last name, communication preferences, etc. 

After filling out the form, scroll to the bottom of the page. On the bottom of the page, find the “Submit” button and click on it with the mouse to submit it to Cisco.

Create an account

So, you’ve signed up for the “Introduction to Packet Tracer” course. Next, you must create a Cisco account. To do this, fill out your email, first and last name, country or region, etc. You’ll also need to create a password.

Once you’ve filled out the account information into the page, you must solve the Captcha. Look at the image and fill out the Captcha.

After filling out the Captcha on the page, you’ll need to tell Cisco if you’d like to receive email updates. Select “yes” or “no” depending on your preferences. 

When all information on the account creation page is complete, select the “Register” button.

Verify your email

Now that you’ve created a Cisco account, you must verify your email account. To verify your email account, log into your email, locate the message and copy the verification code to your clipboard.

After copying the verification code to your clipboard, press Ctrl + V on the keyboard to paste it into the text box, then select the “Verify” button to confirm the code.

Configure your profile

You’ll need to configure your Cisco profile after creation. To configure your profile, fill out the forms on the Cisco welcome page. Filling out this page will not take long.

Once all of the forms on the profile page are filled out, press the Create Account button at the page’s bottom.

Downloading Packet Tracer

You must download Packet Tracer on your Linux PC before it can be installed. To download Packet Tracer on Linux, head to your Cisco “I’m Learning” page.

Once on the page, scroll to the bottom, locate “Packet Tracer” under the “Resources” section, and click on it. After selecting the “Packet Tracer” link, you’ll be taken to the download page.

On the “Packet Tracer” download page, scroll to the bottom and locate the “Download” section. Then, click on “64 Bit Download” under the “Linux Desktop Version 8.0 English” section.

When you click on the download link under “Linux Desktop Version 8.0 English,” a DEB package will download to your Linux PC. When it is complete, open up a terminal window by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T on the keyboard to open up a terminal window, then follow the installation instructions in the next section.

Installing Packet Tracer on Linux

Packet Tracer is installable on Ubuntu Linux, Debian Linux, and any operating system based on Ubuntu or Debian. Additionally, it is installable on Arch Linux and Manjaro Linux via the AUR. 

Ubuntu

To install Packet Tracer on Ubuntu, start by using the CD command and move into the “Downloads” directory where the DEB package was downloaded.

cd ~/Downloads

Once inside the “Downloads” folder, you can install the Packet Tracer application on your Ubuntu Linux PC by using the apt command below.

sudo apt install ./PacketTracer_*_final.deb

Debian

On Debian Linux, you will be able to install Packet Tracer the same way Ubuntu users do. To start the installation, use the CD command to move into the “Downloads” directory where the DEB package is.

cd ~/Downloads

Inside of the “Downloads” directory, execute the dpkg command to install the Packet Tracer DEB package on Debian.

sudo dpkg -i PacketTracer_*_final.deb

After installing the Packet Tracer application, you may need to correct some dependency issues. To do that, enter the command below.

sudo apt-get install -f

Arch Linux/Manjaro

On Arch Linux as well as Manjaro, it is possible to install Packet Tracer using the AUR. To start, ensure you’ve downloaded the Packet Tracer DEB package. Then, use the commands below to install the “git” and “base-devel” packages.

sudo pacman -S git base-devel

After installing the two packages, use the git clone command to manually download the Packet Tracer AUR package.

git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/packettracer.git

Once the “packettracer” AUR package is done downloading, open up the Linux file manager, browse for the Packet Tracer DEB package and place it in the “packettracer” folder in your home directory. Then, use the commands below to install the app.

cd ~/packettracer

makepkg -sri

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How to format a USB device to Fat32 on Linux

Do you need to format a USB device to Fat32 on your Linux PC? Can’t figure out how to format a filesystem? We can help! Follow along as we show you how to How to format a USB device to Fat32 on Linux!

format a USB device to Fat32

Format a USB device to Fat32 – Gnome Disk Utility

The Gnome Disk Utility application is the quickest and simplest way a Linux user can format a USB device to Fat32. The reason? It’s got an easy-to-use UI, supports the Fat32 format, and supports things like “quick format.”

To start the formatting process, you will need to install Gnome Disk Utility on your computer. Sadly, although Gnome Disk Utility comes with many Linux operating systems, it doesn’t ship with all of them.

Using the Ctrl + Alt + T keyboard combination, open up a terminal window on the Linux desktop. Alternatively, open up the app menu, search for “Terminal,” and launch the app that way.

Once the terminal window is open, follow along with the Gnome Disk Utility installation instructions that correspond with the Linux OS you currently use. 

Ubuntu

On Ubuntu, install the Gnome Disk Utility application with the following Apt command below.

sudo apt install gnome-disk-utility

Debian

Those on Debian Linux will be able to install Gnome Disk Utility by making use of the Apt-get command.

sudo apt-get install gnome-disk-utility 

Arch Linux

If you’re an Arch Linux user, you’ll be able to install Gnome Disk Utility with the Pacman command quickly.

sudo pacman -S gnome-disk-utility

Fedora

On Fedora Linux, the Gnome Disk Utility app may already be installed. However, if it is not, you’ll be able to get it working with the following Dnf command.

sudo dnf install gnome-disk-utility

OpenSUSE 

If you’re using OpenSUSE Linux, you’ll be able to quickly install the Gnome Disk Utility app using the following Zypper command.

sudo zypper install gnome-disk-utility

Format USB device to Fat32

Now that Gnome Disk Utility is installed on your Linux PC search for “Disks” in the app menu. When the app is open, follow the step-by-step instructions below to learn how to format your USB device to Fat32.

Step 1: Plug your USB device into the USB port. Upon plugging it in, you should see it appear in the Gnome Disk Utility sidebar. Look through the sidebar for your device, and click on it with the mouse.

Step 2: After locating your device and clicking on it with the mouse, you’ll see an overview of the USB device. From here, find the Gnome Disk Utility menu, and click on it.

Can’t find the Gnome Disk Utility menu? It’s directly to the left of the minimize button.

Step 3: Inside the Gnome Disk Utility menu, click on the “Format Disk” button. Then, locate the “Erase” menu.

In the “Erase” menu, select either “Quick” or “Slow.” For best results, we recommend the “Slow” option, as it is safer.

Step 4: After choosing an option in the “Erase” menu, find the “Partitioning” menu, and select “Compatible with all systems and devices (MBR/DOS),” and click on it.

Step 5: Under “Volumes” for your device, find the “+” button, and click on it to create a new partition. Upon clicking this button, a “Create Partition” window will appear.

Using the pop-up window, select your partition size, free space, etc. Click on “Next” to move to the next page.

Step 6: On the next page, find the “Volume Name” section and name your volume. Or leave it blank if you so choose.

Locate the “Erase” button, and click on it if you would like to erase the device beforehand. Then, find “Type” and click on”For use with all systems and devices (FAT).

Click “Create” when done.

Step 7: After clicking on the “Create” button, Gnome Disk Utility, your USB device will be formatted to Fat32!

Format a USB device to Fat32 – Mkfs

Another quick way to format a USB device to Fat32 is with the mkfs command in a terminal. To start the process, press Ctrl + Alt + T on the keyboard to open up a terminal. Or, search for “terminal” in the app menu and launch it that way.

Once the terminal window is open, plug in the USB device. Then, execute lsblk in the terminal to view all attached storage devices.

lsblk

Look through lsblk and locate your USB device, and find the device label. In this example, the device label is /dev/sde1. Yours will differ! 

Note: can’t figure out how to read lsblk? Check out our guide on how to find hard drive info for help!

When you’ve located your USB device, unmount it if it isn’t already unmounted. You can do this by entering the umount command along with the device label.

sudo umount /dev/sde1

After unmounting the device, use the mkfs.vfat -F32 command to format it to Fat32.

sudo mkfs.vfat -F32 /dev/sde1

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How to play 7 days to die on Linux

7 days to die is an early access survival horror video game. It is set in an open world and has many survival elements similar to games like Minecraft. In this guide, we’ll show you how to play it on your Linux system!

7 days to die on Linux

7 days to die on Linux

7 Days to die works pretty well on Linux as it is a native application, but you can only play this game with Steam. Steam. As a result, we must go over how to install the Linux version of Steam.

Install Steam

To get Steam installed on your Linux PC, start by opening up a terminal window. You can open up a terminal window by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T on the keyboard. Alternatively, search for “Terminal” in the app menu and launch the program that way.

Once the terminal window is is open and ready to use, the installation of Steam can begin. Follow the installation instructions outlined below that corresponds with the Linux OS you use on your system. 

Ubuntu

On Ubuntu, the Steam application is installable through the primary Ubuntu software sources. To install it on your system, use the following Apt command.

sudo apt install steam

Debian

To get Steam working on Debian Linux, you will need to download the DEB package from the internet manually. To download the DEB package, make use of the following wget download command below.

wget https://steamcdn-a.akamaihd.net/client/installer/steam.deb

Now that the Steam DEB package is done downloading on your Linux PC, the installation of Steam can begin. Using the dpkg command below, install the latest release of Steam.

sudo dpkg -i steam.deb

After the Steam DEB package is done installing on your Debian Linux PC is complete, you will need to correct any dependencies that appeared during the installation. To correct these dependencies, enter the command below.

sudo apt-get install -f

Arch Linux

On Arch Linux, the Steam application is installable to all users via the “Multilib” software repository. To enable this repo on your system, open up /etc/Pacman.conf, scroll down, find “multilib,” and remove all # symbols from it as well as the lines directly below.

Once you’ve enabled “multilib,” update your system. Then, enter the command below to install Steam on Arch.

sudo pacman -S steam

Fedora/OpenSUSE

Steam works on both Fedora and OpenSUSE. If you’d like to install them on your system, you can do so using their respective package managers. However, we highly suggest using the Flatpak release of Steam instead.

Flatpak

To get Steam working as a Flatpak on your Linux PC, you’ll first need to enable the Steam runtime on your computer. To enable the Steam runtime, head over to our guide on how to setup Flatpak on Linux.

Once the Flatpak app is installed, you can install the Flatpak release of Steam on your system by entering the two commands below in a terminal window.

flatpak remote-add --if-not-exists flathub https://flathub.org/repo/flathub.flatpakrepo
flatpak install flathub com.valvesoftware.Steam

Play 7 Days to Die on Linux

With Steam installed, launch it on the desktop and log into your account. After logging in, follow the instructions below to play 7 Days to Die on Linux!

Step 1: First, find the “Store” button at the top of Steam, and click on it with the mouse. Upon selecting the “Store” button, you will see the Steam Storefront load up.

In the Steam Storefront, find the search box, and type in “7 Days to Die.” Then, press the Enter key on the keyboard to view the search results.

Step 2: Sort through the search results for “7 Days to Die” and click on the game once you’ve found it. By clicking on the game in the search results, you’ll be taken to the 7 Days to Die Steam Storefront page.

Step 3: On the 7 Days to Die Steam Storefront page, look for the green “Add to cart” button, and click on it to buy the game and add it to your account. After that, find the “Library” button, and click on it to return to your Steam games library.

Step 4: Inside your Steam games library, locate 7 Days to Die. Once you’ve found it, click on it in the sidebar. By clicking on 7 Days to Die, you’ll access the game’s Steam library page.

Inside of the 7 Days to Die Steam library page, locate the blue “INSTALL” button, and click on it. By selecting this button, Steam will begin to download and install the game on your computer. 

Step 5: When the download of 7 Days to Die is complete, the blue “INSTALL” button will become a green “PLAY” button. Select this “PLAY” button to start up the game.

Troubleshooting

7 Days to Die is a native Linux game. Still, if you have issues, or maybe want to try out the Proton release of the game on your system, do yourself a favor and check out the ProtonDB page for 7 Days to Die.

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How to use bash to create directories in Linux [Guide]

If you need to use the bash terminal to create directories on Linux, the best way to do it is with the mkdir command. What is “mkdir?” It stands for “make directory,” and it’s one of the most valuable tools on all of Linux. With it, you can create folders anywhere on Linux.

There’s no need to install “mkdir” to use it on your computer. In fact, it comes pre-installed on every single Linux operating system out there today. A Linux OS probably couldn’t function without it!

bash to create directories

Use bash to create directories – Mkdir 

To create a directory on your Linux PC with the mkdir command, you will need to open up a terminal window. To open up a terminal window on the Linux desktop, press Ctrl + Alt + T on the keyboard. Or, search for “Terminal” in the app menu.

Once the terminal window is open and ready to use, execute the mkdir command below to create a new folder. For example, to make a new folder in the “home” directory (~/), you’d do the following.

Note: feel free to change (~/) to wherever you’d like to create the new folder.

mkdir ~/my_new_folder

It is also possible to use mkdir to create multiple directories at the same time in bash. For example, to create 4 folders with the names “folder_1,” “folder_2,” “folder_3,” and “folder_4,” you’d execute the following command.

mkdir folder_1 folder_2 folder_3 folder_4

To specify the locations of each of the new folders, simply add in the paths. For example, to create folder_1 in ~/, folder_2 in ~/Documents, folder_3 in ~/Desktop, and folder_4 in ~/Videos, do the following.

Note: be sure to change each of the folders’ locations to suit your own needs if you want to create multiple folders in different areas with a single command. Additionally, be sure to change the names of the folders in the command, as they are just example names.

mkdir ~/folder_1 ~/Documents/folder_2 ~/Desktop/folder_3 ~/Videos/folder_4

To delete any of your newly created folders, you can use the rm command. For example, to delete “folder_1” from the home directory (~/), enter the following command.

rm -rf ~/folder_1

For more info on how to use the mkdir command to create folders using the bash Linux terminal, execute the man mkdir command below.

man mkdir

Use bash to create directories – NNN

While the mkdir command is excellent, it isn’t the only way Linux users can create new folders using the bash terminal. It is possible to make new folders using the NNN terminal-based file manager. Here’s how.

First, you must install the NNN terminal file manager. To install it, open up a terminal window by using the Ctrl + Alt + T keyboard combination or by searching for “terminal” in the app menu.

Once the terminal window is open and ready to use, follow the installation instructions below to get NNN working. 

Ubuntu

To get NNN on Ubuntu, use the Apt command.

sudo apt install nnn

Debian

To get NNN on Debian, use Apt-get.

sudo apt-get install nnn

Arch Linux 

On Arch Linux, install NNN with Pacman.

sudo pacman -S nnn

Fedora

To get NNN working on Fedora, use Dnf.

sudo dnf install nnn

OpenSUSE

On OpenSUSE, NNN is installable via Zypper.

sudo zypper install nnn

Once the NNN app is installed on your computer, use the nnn command to start up the file browser. Then, use the step-by-step instructions below to use NNN to create new folders.

Step 1: In NNN, select the folder you wish to create a folder inside of. For example, to create a folder (with NNN) in the “Documents” folder, you’d select “Documents” in NNN using the Arrow keys and Enter key to select.

Step 2: Once inside the directory in which you are creating a folder, press the key on the keyboard. By pressing on the keyboard, you will see the following message.

'f'ile / 'd' ir / 's'ym / 'h' ard

This message lets you know your choices when pressing the key on the keyboard. “f” for file, “d” for dir (AKA folder), “s” for symlink, and “h” for a hard link. 

Step 3: Press the D key on the keyboard to tell the NNN file manager you want to create a new directory using the NNN file manager. After pressing the key, you will see another message in NNN. 

[path/]name

Type in the name of the folder into the text box. Then, press the Enter key on the keyboard to confirm it. After pressing Enter, you will see your newly created folder in NNN.

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Ubuntu: VMware Workstation 16 download and setup [Guide]

Do you need to get VMware Workstation Pro 16 working on your Ubuntu PC but don’t know how to do it? We can help! Follow along with this guide as we show you how to install VMware Workstation Pro 16 on Ubuntu.

Note: VMware Workstation Pro 16 will expire after 30 days of evaluation if you do not purchase a software license. For more information on how to purchase a software license for VMware Workstation Pro 16, click on this link here.

Ubuntu: VMware Workstation 16

Download VMware Workstation Pro 16

To install VMware Workstation Pro 16 on Ubuntu, you must first download it. The reason that downloading is required is that the app isn’t distributed directly by Ubuntu. 

To download VMware Workstation Pro 16 on your Ubuntu PC, start by heading over to the “Download VMware Workstation Pro” page on the VMware website. Once on the website, find the “Workstation 16 Pro for Linux” button.

Directly below the “Workstation 16 Pro for Linux” button, you’ll see a “Download Now” button. Click on it with the mouse. When you click on this button, the VMware Workstation Pro 16 app will download to your Ubuntu PC. 

Sit back and allow the download to complete. The file is roughly 500 MB in size, so the download process could take a bit of time, especially for those who have a slow internet connection.

When the download is complete, open up a terminal window on the Ubuntu desktop by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T on the keyboard. Once the terminal window is open, use the CD command to move into the “Downloads” directory.

cd ~/Downloads

Inside of the “Downloads” directory, use the chmod command to update the permissions of the newly downloaded VMware Workstation Pro 16 installer file. Permissions must be updated, or the app will not be able to install correctly on Ubuntu.

chmod +x VMware-Workstation-Full-16.*.x86_64.bundle

When the permissions are up to date, VMware Workstation Pro 16 is ready to install on Ubuntu. To start the installation, move on to the next section of the guide.

Installing VMware Workstation Pro 16 on Ubuntu

The installation of VMware Workstation Pro 16 on Ubuntu is different from other pieces of software. Unlike other apps, VMware doesn’t come as an easy-to-install DEB package, Snap, or Flatpak. Instead, users need to install a “bundle” file.

Bundle files aren’t all that hard to deal with on Linux, but new users may be intimidated by the unfamiliar file type. To start the installation, boot up the installer. To do this, execute the following command below.

sudo ./VMware-Workstation-Full-16.*.x86_64.bundle

Once the command above is run, you’ll see the terminal begin to install VMware on your computer. The installation should be quick, but it’s not the only thing you have to do to get the app working on Ubuntu.

After running the terminal installer, press the Win key on the keyboard in Ubuntu to open up the search box. In the search box, type out “VMware Workstation,” and click on the app that appears with this name.

When you select the “VMware Workstation” icon, a “Welcome to VMware Workstation” GUI will appear. In this gui, you will see an “End User Licence Agreement.” Find the “I accept the terms in the license agreement,” and click on the “Next” button to continue.

After agreeing to the first agreement, you’ll see another agreement. Just like before, find the “I accept the terms in the license agreement” option, and click on the “Next” button to continue on to the next page.

Following the two agreements that VMware asks you to agree to, you’ll see “Would you like to check for product updates on startup?” Check this box if you would like to see updates to VMware Workstation Pro 16 each time you launch the app on Ubuntu. 

Past the product updates page, VMware will inform you about their “VMware Customer Experience Improvement Program”. If you would like to join this program, select the “Yes” option. If not, select “No,” and click “Next” to continue.

On the final page of the VMware Workstation Pro 16 installation GUI, you will be asked to enter a product key. At this time, enter your VMware Workstation Pro 16 product key purchased at Vmware.com, and press the “Finish” button to end the installer.

If you do not have a product key, do not worry! You can still use VMware Workstation Pro 16 on Ubuntu. Simply click on the “I want to try VMware Workstation 16 for 30 days,” and click “Finish” to close the installer.

Upon clicking on the “Finish” button, Ubuntu will ask for your password. Enter your password into the prompt and press the Enter key to continue.

After entering your password, the VMware Workstation Pro 16 app will open up on the Ubuntu desktop ready for use. Enjoy!

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